countryaah, Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen announced a
new election to the Folketing at the beginning of the year,
which was held in February. After a short electoral
movement, the bourgeois coalition succeeded in defending its
position in the elections. Admittedly, Fogh Rasmussen's
Liberal party Venstre lost four seats and stayed at 52, but
the Conservative government partner went ahead with two
seats to 18 and the support party of the Danish People's
Party increased by two seats to 24. The bourgeois majority
left Radical Venstre's big winner without influence. Radical
Venstre went from nine to 17 seats. The Social Democrats
lost five seats and ended up at 47, which led to party
leader Mogens Lykketoft leaving his post. Helle
Thorning-Schmidt was chosen as his successor.
In April, it was 200 years since the author and
storyteller Hans Christian Andersen was born. With Queen
Margrethe at the forefront, Denmark began a year-long
celebration, and the country's biggest cultural event in
history, the show "It was once", was broadcast worldwide.
In connection with the 60th anniversary in May of
Denmark's liberation from the Nazi occupation, Prime
Minister Fogh Rasmussen made an official apology for the
extradition of innocent people from Denmark to Germany
during the Second World War. He described it as "shameful"
that Jews and others had been handed over to Hitler Germany
with the good memory of the Danish authorities. In July,
President George W. Bush visited Copenhagen and met with
Anders Fogh Rasmussen to express America's gratitude for
Danish support for the war in Iraq. Protest demonstrations
took place where both American and Danish flags were burned.
During the summer, a diplomatic struggle between Denmark
and Canada developed over the right to a small and
uninhabited rock island, Hans Island, between Greenland and
Canada. Intense media debates raged in both countries and
both foreign ministers met in conjunction with a meeting of
the UN General Assembly in New York without being able to
resolve the conflict.
In October, Crown Princess Mary gave birth to a boy, who
in turn follows his father, Crown Prince Frederik, to
inherit the Danish throne.
The Jutland Post sparked uproarious debate and caused
diplomatic riots when the magazine published twelve
illustrations of the Prophet Muhammad in September. Images
of Muhammad are seen by many Muslims as blasphemy, and in
addition, the Prophet was portrayed in bad days in some of
the satirical drawings. Some cartoonists received death
threats and militant Internet sites were reported to have
designated Denmark as a terror target because of the
illustrations. Danish Muslims conducted demonstrations, and
the ambassadors from a number of Muslim countries protested
in letters to the Prime Minister demanding an apology from
the newspaper, which however referred to freedom of
expression. Egypt threatened to interrupt the dialogue with
Denmark on human rights and its foreign minister called for
international protest against the Jutland Post. During a
visit to Denmark in November, the Prime Minister of Turkey
distanced himself from the drawings and demanded respect for
the sacred symbols of Islam. Prime Minister Fogh Rasmussen
defended the Danish freedom of expression and stated that
some "specific conditions" must be met if Turkey one day
wants to become a member of the EU. Following the
announcement by the Islamic State organization, the UN
Commission on Human Rights asked the Danish government to
give its views on the Muhammad cartoons.
The 1966 parliamentary election surprisingly led to a
majority for the Social Democracy and SF, even though the
Social Democrats lost 7 seats. SF doubled its number of
votes and mandates (to 20) - among other things. due to
great dissatisfaction with the Social Democracy's housing
policy and SF's proposal for a new housing, tax and military
policy. A minority in SF with Aksel Larsen in the lead
wanted to start a government cooperation with the Social
Democracy, but the majority agreed to only establish
cooperation between the two parties. SF undertook to act as
a parliamentary support party for the Social Democracy, but
received only small concessions in return: no changes to
foreign policy. In March 1967, a contact committee was set
up with representatives of the two parties to try to
coordinate the policy in the Parliament. The bourgeois press
quickly renamed the committee "The Red Cabinet". At a tax
bill that same month, all SF representatives in the
Folketing voted for the "VAT" - the value added tax on all
goods. Together with the party's vote for the Finance Act
and military appropriations, this created a growing
resistance inward in SF. At a congress in June, SF's policy
in the Parliament was voted down and a more left-leaning
main board was elected. The final breach occurred in
December 1967, after the government devalued the Danish
krone and at the same time proposed "freezing" of a lifetime
portion (automatic wage adjustment). Six of the SF members
of Parliament voted against, and when the bourgeois did the
same for tactical reasons, the government collapsed.
However, at an extraordinary SF congress soon after, Aksel
Larsen got the wing a narrow majority.The Left Socialists
(VS). In the January 1968 elections, VS got four seats while
SF went back to 11, and the Social Democrats lost another
seven. Thus, a bourgeois majority. The Left, the
Conservative People's Party and the Radical Left, formed
government (the VKR government 1968-71).
The defeat also immediately hit the Social Democracy, but
strategically the party had won an important victory. Just
as it managed to stifle DKP after World War II, it had in
1966-67 managed to show that SF was not fit to enter into a
government cooperation. Until the beginning of the 1990's,
the Social Democracy used these experiences to reject almost
any political cooperation with the left.
In terms of both the establishment of relations with the
working class and the internal political clarification, the
new party VS in the first years was marked by great
confusion and constant divisions. Only about 1974-75 can we
talk about organizational consolidation and a
Copenhagen - theater
Until the 17th century, the theater that could be experienced in the city was
largely equal to spectacular royal manifestations. combined with school
drama. In addition, German-Dutch hiking troops; for such, in 1663, the town's
first permanent theater was built on Slotsholmen; however, it lasted only three
The idea of creating a theater for both the court and the city marked the
development; the performances of the French court troops were sometimes
accessible to others than the narrow circle, at the opera house in Bredgade
But it was not until the opening of the Danish theater in 1722 in Lille
Grønnegade that professional theater was introduced in Danish. Lille
Grønnegadeteatret closed again in 1728. After a religiously motivated
theater-free period of almost 20 years, the Danish theater activities in 1748
took place on Kongens Nytorv.
The Royal Theater was transferred to the Ministry of Culture in 1849, and a
bourgeois director was appointed. The theater had undergone a development from a
slightly suspicious establishment to a central cultural institution also housing
opera and ballet, from the very beginning with a monopoly position in the
city. Outside the ramparts there were decidedly amusement theaters.
But now the possibility was opened for the creation of the so-called second
theaters; in 1848 Casino in Amaliegade, in 1857 Folketeatret in Nørregade and in
1883 Dagmarteatret in Jernbanegade.
However, the Royal Theater still possessed a monopoly on certain genres and
plays, and it therefore became a popular repertoire that characterized the new
Since then, Dagmarteatret has positioned itself with a literary repertoire as
the national stage's bad conscience. From 1889 the monopoly was broken: Had the
Royal Theater not played a play for ten years, it would have been accessible to
the private stages.
As a result, the national stage for a number of years revolved around a
so-called repertoire of duties, including Holberg. The competition intensified
further with the opening of the New Theater in 1908, initially for the lighter
genre. An artistically ambitious challenge lay in the Betty Nansen Theater on
Frederiksberg Allé, opened under that name in 1917.
Among several new, often smaller scenes, the Knights' Hall in Frederiksberg
stood out in the 1930's, especially with a bold, modern repertoire. In the
following decades, Frederiksberg Theater and Allé-Scenen (the former Betty
Nansen Theater) were added.
Where the Royal Theater came under the Ministry of Education, the private
theaters were under the Ministry of Justice, and public support was minimal. It
was not until the heyday of the 1960's that cultural policy also accommodated
private theaters. From 1961, the entire area came under the auspices of the
Ministry of Culture. Up until the 1960's, Det Ny Teater in particular stood for a
distinguished repertoire of quality, but in 1970/71 ran into an acute economic
crisis that threatened to close the theater and drew attention to the operating
conditions of private theaters.
In line with the growing democratization of the arts, the problems were
sought through a subscription scheme, publicly funded and administered
by ARTE. In 1976, nine Copenhagen stages were initially merged into the Greater
Copenhagen Regional Stage with a certain joint and several liability for any
operating deficit at the individual theater, from 1991 replaced by the Greater
Copenhagen Theater Community, where each theater is responsible for its
operation, the "money bag model". From 2006, this model has been continued in
Hovedstadens Teater, which in connection with the municipal reform replaces the
theater community as a purely state subsidy scheme, in contrast to earlier where
municipalities, counties and the state shared the support crowns.
An actual experimental repertoire was provided by the smaller stages,
first Fiolteatret (1962), followed by Boldhus Teatret (1965)
and CaféTeatret (1967) and helped by the possibility of support for "other
theater operations" in a law from 1963. From 1970, the Royal Theater also got
its intimate stage.
Democratization of theater life also characterized the often society-oriented
group theater of the 1960's and 1970's, as at Fiolteatret or
Christiania's Solvognen. The social debate also colored the repertoire in the
established theater as at the Folketeatret, while the theatrical innovation in
the 1980's characterized the total theater productions at Gladsaxe
Teater (inaugurated in 1964).
The theatrical image of the 1990's has shown a new form of experimental
theater, performance, with a center in Kanonhallen in Østerbro, which from
1991 replaced Saltlageret ved Søerne as an alternative venue.
It was a breakthrough when Allerødgruppen Dr. In 1992, Dante was awarded
the Aveny Theater on Frederiksberg Allé, with a special appeal to a young
audience. At the same time, the Betty Nansen Theater under
the leadership of Peter Langdal and Henrik Hartmann has firmly established
itself as the city's most interesting major stage.
But the dominant trend in the 1990's became, as a result of austerity measures
in the larger theaters, a bet on the safe: Entertainment and musicals, a line
that, for example, Nørrebro's Theater and the Amager Stage have followed for
years; also Gasworks accounts in the 1990's for large musical creations.
Since the end of the 1990's, the Royal Theater, despite the establishment of
two new experimental stages in Turbinehallerne in 1997 and a much-needed
renovation of Stærekassen in 2002, has clearly lacked a unifying identity as the
country's national stage.
This has resulted in scattered fencing in the repertoire choice, where
especially the absence of classics is striking. A new playhouse with several
stages on the waterfront will be inaugurated according to plan in 2008. At the
same time, Stærekassen and Turbinehallerne will be transferred to another