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Yearbook 2005

Estonia. The coalition government's long-standing disintegration became acute when Prime Minister Juhan Parts of Conservative Res Publica in February dismissed the Liberal Reform Party's Foreign Minister Kristiina Ojuland. The formal reason was that secretly stamped documents disappeared from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs' archives. After a few weeks, the Reform Party was avenged by voting with the opposition in a declaration of confidence in the party's party brother Justice Minister Ken-Marti Vaher. As a result, Parts and the entire government resigned.

The task of forming a new government went to the Reform Party leader Andrus Ansip, who negotiated a coalition between his own liberal party and the left-wing Center Party as well as the rural party Folkförbundet. The Anip government took office in April.

According to countryaah, Estonia's troublesome relationship with Russia was further complicated during the year when President Arnold Rüütel declined President Vladimir Putin's invitation to join Moscow in May at the 60th anniversary of the Soviet Union's victory over Nazi Germany in World War II. In Estonia, the end of the Second World War marked the beginning of a near half-century Soviet occupation.

Foreign Minister Urmas Paet, however, traveled to Moscow and, together with his Russian colleague, was able to sign the border agreement that Moscow had for years refused to sign. But the joy was short-lived. In June, Russia unilaterally revoked the agreement, as the Estonian Parliament had added a preface with indirect references to the Soviet occupation of Estonia.

In August, 14 people were killed when a Finnish helicopter crashed in the Gulf of Finland just off the coast of Estonia. The helicopter was on its way from Tallinn to Helsinki and, according to the preliminary investigation, experienced technical problems shortly after take-off.

An Estonian government commission investigated Swedish data on military transport aboard the Estonia ferry in 1994 during the year. A parliamentary commission that examined the same issues was also extended mandate.

2005 Estonia


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