Moldova. Before the March parliamentary elections,
President Vladimir Voronin accused "foreign forces" of
meddling in Moldovan politics. Shortly before the election,
groups of Russian and Belarusian citizens who were
considered to want to disrupt the elections were rejected.
According to Voronin, Moscow supported both the opposition
Alliance Democratic Moldova and the separatists in the
transnistrian republic (Dnestr).
In the election, however, the Moldovan Communist Party
retained its majority in parliament, although it fell from
71 to 56 seats. Democratic Moldova received 34 seats and the
Christian Democratic Party, which advocates Moldova's
reunification with Romania, received 11 seats. Parliament
has 101 seats.
countryaah, the opposition felt that the ruling communists had been
given undue room in the media during the election movement,
but the OSCE election observers explained that the election
had largely met international requirements.
Vladimir Voronin was re-elected in April by the new
parliament as president. When he was first elected, his goal
was to approach Moldova to Russia and make Russian a second
official language. But after a conflict with Russia over Transnistria, Voronin turned away from Moscow and instead
sought to approach Moldova to the EU, which, according to
political analysts, enabled the new election victory for the
Communists. All major parties want to approach Moldova to the EU
and see this as the solution to the difficult economic and
social problems in Europe's poorest countries.
The opposition planned protest meetings after the
parliamentary elections with the goal of carrying out a
peaceful revolution based on designs from Georgia and
Ukraine. Voronin, however, appeared to his critics by
allying himself with the new Georgian and Ukrainian leaders.
In April, the presidents of Moldova, Ukraine, Georgia and
Azerbaijan met in the Moldovan capital of Chişinău and
decided to create a "Union for Democratic States" with the
goal of getting out of Russia's sphere of interest.