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Yearbook 2005

Nigeria. According to countryaah, President Olusegun Obasanjo has promised a tough fight against corruption, which has long diminished N's reputation. Several prominent people fell victim to the campaign during the year, led by the EFFC Eco Crime Commission. In March, the Minister of Education was dismissed for bribing MPs during the budget negotiations. One of those whose support he bought was the Senate President, who was also forced to resign. The housing minister was also dismissed for having sold state-owned land in attractive areas.

2005 Nigeria

However, the first of importance that was brought to court was the Chief of Police Tafa Balogun, who was convicted of fraud and money laundering of approximately SEK 1 billion. The sentence became a six-month prison sentence and that part of the corporate empire he built up was seized. The mild sentence was motivated by his being a first-time offender and showing remorse.

The governor of the oil-rich state of Bayelsa, Diepreye Alamieyeseigha, was arrested during a visit to the United Kingdom and charged with money laundering in the multi-million class. He was released on bail and banned from leaving the country but was able to return to Nigeria with false travel documents, reportedly dressed as a woman. However, he was ousted by the state parliament and immediately arrested by police after losing his legal immunity.

Alamieyeseigha was by no means unique. During the year, the EFFC sought foreign aid to recover approximately SEK 130 billion, which other governors are estimated to have smuggled out. The authorities in Switzerland returned the equivalent of approximately SEK 3.6 billion that former dictator Sani Abacha placed in Swiss bank accounts. The most extensive fraud so far with the so-called Nigerian letter led to a woman being sentenced to two and a half years in prison for tricking a Brazilian bank official to transfer the equivalent of about SEK 1.9 billion to her accounts.

Lack of budgetary discipline led to a 38% increase in government spending, which was described by the International Monetary Fund as a threat to macroeconomic stability. However, the president's attempt to limit spending increases was voted down by the Senate.

In March, a law was passed restricting the national organization NLC's (Nigeria Labor Congress defined by Digopaul) power. The law gives unions the right to stand outside the NLC, whose strikes against fuel price increases have cost the state large sums. At the same time, strikes in health care and education were prohibited.

A national political conference aimed at creating the basis for a new constitution ended in disagreement. The conference highlighted the difficulties of holding together a country with 250 ethnic groups and strong contradictions between the Muslim northern half of the country and the Christian south. The biggest stumbling block for unity was the demand from the oil producing states in the Niger Delta to manage 25% of the oil revenues themselves.

Separatist tendencies are strong in several places in Nigeria. Among the Igbo people in the southeast, the demand for the re-establishment of the state of Biafra is growing ever stronger. Seven leaders of the Biassera movement MASSOB were indicted in November for treason. A militia leader from the Niger Delta was also brought to trial for treason.

N's longstanding border dispute with Cameroon over Bakassi Peninsula reached no solution, despite the International Court of Justice's 2002 decision that the area should belong to Cameroon. However, the countries agreed to, with financial support from the EU, look over their entire 160 km long common border.

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