Digopaul.com, Philippines is a country located
in Southeastern Asia. The unrest in the southern part of the
country continued during the year. In January, clashes broke
out between government forces and hundreds of rebels from a
breakaway faction of Moro's Islamic Liberation Front (MILF).
The clashes began since the rebels attacked a military base.
The leadership of the MILF, which has observed a ceasefire
since July 2003, said it did not approve of the attack.
Later that month, the military attacked a camp that it
claimed was used for meetings between the guerrillas and the
Indonesian terror network Jemaa Islamiyya.
In February, the island of Jolo was also shaken by
violent confrontations between the army and rebels from the
Islamist terror group Abu Sayyaf and a breakaway faction
from Moro's National Liberation Front (MNLF). At least 70
rebels and 30 government soldiers were reported to have been
At least a dozen people were killed in three bomb attacks
in Manila, Davao and General Santos in mid-February. Abu
Sayyaf took on the blame for the death. A March insurgency
demanded nearly 30 deaths. According to authorities, members
of Abu Sayyaf were behind the revolt in a prison outside the
capital. At first it looked as if the insurgents would give
up, but when the negotiations were over, the police stormed
the prison and 22 prisoners were killed, among them three
Abu Sayyaf leaders.
President Gloria Arroyo's husband Jos谷 Miguel Arroyo and
her son were indicted in May for receiving bribes from
gambling syndicates, something they rejected. Shortly
thereafter, the president herself happened to be in blustery
weather after it emerged that during the 2004 election
campaign she had called a high ranking official in
connection with the vote in the 2004 presidential election.
to influence the result. She was also accused of funding her
election campaign with money from a gaming syndicate. The
opposition now made great efforts to get the president
dismissed. During the summer, demonstrations were held for
and against Arroyo in Manila, and opinion polls showed
rapidly falling opinion figures for the president. However,
the House of Representatives legal committee rejected the
opposition parties' motions that Arroyo should be brought
before national law. In September, the entire House of
Representatives voted by a clear majority to approve the
The influential former Archbishop Jaime Sin died June 21.
Sin played a crucial role when President Ferdinand Marcos
was deposed in 1986 and was also active in 2001 when Joseph
Estrada was forced to resign as president.
The governor's election in the autonomous Muslim region
of Mindanao on August 8 was clearly won by Zaldy Ampatuan,
who was running for Presidential Alliance's Lakas Christian
and Muslim Democrats. No serious incidents of violence were
reported during the election, but information was available
on voting, bribes and cheating.
The peace talks between the government and the Communist
Party broke down in August. The government then asserted an
agreement that had guaranteed 97 persons immunity from
prosecution as long as the negotiations were ongoing. As a
reason, it was stated that the guerrilla New People's Army
(NPA) continued to commit abuses, such as murders of
politicians, police and military. The army has also been
accused of torturing and murdering political activists on
the left. NPA's Political Branch The National Democratic
Front highlighted that, due to the weakening of Arroyo's
position, it would be better to negotiate with her
On October 28, three militant Islamists, one Indonesian
and two Filipinos, were sentenced to death for a bombing
attack in Manila in February in which four people were
killed and one hundred injured. However, no executions have
been carried out in the Philippines since 2000.
Severe floods hit three provinces south of Manila in
early December. At least 60,000 people were evacuated from