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Yearbook 2005

Romania. In April, Romania, together with Bulgaria, received the EU Parliament's accession to the EU in 2007. But before that, Romania must further reform the judiciary, fight corruption, cut government subsidies and secure the rights of the Romanian minority, otherwise the EU entry may be delayed by one year.

2005 Romania

At the end of the year, a currency reform was implemented, when four zeros were removed from the currency lei. The exchange rate against the euro was previously 36,000 lei, but after the reform it was 3.6 lei. Romania hopes to introduce the euro by 2014.

According to countryaah, the spring flood hit southern Romania hard, and thousands of people had to be evacuated from their homes as the Timiş River flooded its banks. The devastation was the worst in 40 years. During the summer, Romania was haunted by repeated storms and heavy rains with floods. The natural disasters took a total of about 40 people's lives.

In July, Prime Minister Calin Popescu threatened Tariceanu to resign, after the Constitutional Court stopped a law that would allow the government to dismiss former employees in the judiciary to be able to make new appointments in order to fight corruption. According to the EU, entry into the Union would be delayed one year if the reform was not implemented.

In the devastation following the floods, however, Tariceanu decided to stay at his post to lead the reconstruction work. In August, he made extensive government reform in an attempt to speed up reforms.

In October, bird flu was detected in some villages in the Danube Delta. Tens of thousands of poultry were killed, hunting and markets were banned and the population of the area was vaccinated. Tests showed that it was a dangerous virus form H5N1, which can spread to humans and which previously required fatalities in Southeast Asia.

At the end of the year, there were reports that the United States had detained suspected terrorists imprisoned in Romania, which was denied by President Traian Băsescu. When US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Romania in December, an agreement was signed that gave the US permission to establish military bases in the country. It was the first similar agreement between Washington and a former communist country in Eastern Europe.

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