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United States

Yearbook 2005

USA. The beginning of President George W. Bush's second term was marked by adversity for his Republican party. According to countryaah, the domestic political debate was permeated by bitter contradictions between the parties, and a series of scandals shook the White House. In the fall, Bush's popularity figures were the lowest since he took office; opinion polls showed that less than 40% thought he was doing a good job.

2005 United StatesSecurity situation remained unstable in Iraq. Cindy Sheehan, whose son died in the war, became a poster name for the war opponents during the year who loudly protested in public places. More and more were drawing parallels to the Vietnam War, demanding a US withdrawal. The criticism got extra sharp when the figure of Americans killed in Iraq passed 2,000 in October.

At the same time, an infected debate in Congress raged over whether the White House had deliberately manipulated intelligence material prior to the invasion. A diplomat who stated this already in 2003 figured in a scandal that had repercussions at the highest level. An investigation into suspicions that someone at the White House disclosed the diplomat's wife as a secret CIA agent led to prosecution against Vice President Dick Cheney's Chief of Staff Lewis Libby in October. He was suspected of manslaughter before a prosecution jury. The stolen identity - a criminal offense - would be a revenge or a way to deter other critics. Bush's influential counsel Karl Rove, like Libby, was suspected of lying to the jury, and the investigation against him continued.

2005 United States

The United States also faced continued criticism internationally for its way of fighting terrorism. Information that prison guards violated Islam's holy book The Qur'an led to violent protests in several parts of the world in the spring, with several deaths in, among other things. Afghanistan. During the autumn new troublesome revelations about torture of prisoners of war in various parts of the world came. In addition, the CIA intelligence service reported keeping secret prisons in, among other places. Eastern Europe. The CIA must also have transported suspected terrorists on aircraft that have secretly intervened hundreds of times in a number of countries, including Sweden.

Bush's popularity took another hit when the United States was hit by perhaps the most severe natural disaster to date in its history. Hurricane Katrina swept in from the Gulf of Mexico on August 29, causing enormous havoc, primarily in New Orleans. Dams that protected the sea erupted and most of the city was submerged. Most of the residents had left their homes in advance, but the situation soon became untenable for the approximately 50,000 who remained - mainly poor blacks who were unable to leave on their own. After a few days, a complete evacuation of the city was ordered, but the rescue work was characterized by disarray and took time to complete. The reports of people in great distress shocked many. The world's only superpower proved to be difficult to manage at home and was forced to receive assistance from abroad. Over 1,200 people were killed because of the hurricane, the majority in New Orleans. Hundreds of thousands became homeless, and after a few months, half a million people were reported to have lost their jobs after Katrina.

The criticism was massive and directed at those responsible at all levels. The head of FEMA Federal Disaster Authority, Michael Brown, was forced to leave his post, as was New Orleans Police Chief Edwin Compass and another 50 police officers. Bush was indicted for failure to act and to have ignored previous warnings that dams in New Orleans needed to be strengthened. The costs for Katrina were estimated to be huge: estimates indicated that the hurricane would cost the insurance industry about $ 40 billion. In addition, $ 20 billion was added to damage caused by two more hurricanes that hit the southern United States in September.

Bush's political defeat was also when the House of Representatives majority leader, Republican Tom DeLay, was charged in September with violating funding laws in connection with elections in the state of Texas. Bush's nomination of White House Chief Justice Harriet Miers as new member of the Supreme Court in October led to yet another setback. She was forced to abdicate since the nomination triggered something of a right-wing revolt among Bush's own voters. They demanded a guaranteed value conservative candidate and felt that Miers, who never worked as a judge, was an overly uncertain card.

Before that, however, Bush had been approved by John Roberts as a new chief judge in HD. Roberts was only 50 years old and was expected to have a strong influence over American justice and constitutional interpretation for a long time. He succeeded William Rehnquist, who passed away during the summer after sitting in the influential court for over 30 years.

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