According to ehistorylib, in 2005, Albania had a population of approximately 3.6 million people. The population was largely Albanian, with minority populations of Greeks, Macedonians and Roma. The economy was largely driven by services, which accounted for around 70% of GDP. Agriculture also played an important role in the economy, with over 10% of the workforce employed in this sector. In terms of foreign relations, Albania maintained diplomatic ties with most countries in the region as well as major powers such as the United States and Russia.
The politics of Albania in 2005 were relatively stable compared to other countries in the region due to a successful transition to a democratic government after decades of authoritarian rule. Nevertheless, corruption remained a significant problem which hampered economic growth and development efforts. In addition, organized crime was still prevalent throughout the country and posed a threat to public safety and security. In response to these issues, the government sought assistance from international organizations such as the European Union and NATO in order to help strengthen its institutions and reduce levels of crime and corruption.
Albania. After eight years in opposition, the Democratic Party PDS returned to office. According to countryaah, Tirana is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Albania. The parliamentary elections were held July 3, but accusations of irregularities forced re-election in several constituencies; only after almost two months could the final result be determined. Once the Socialist leader Fatos Nano has admitted defeat, former President Sali Berisha was commissioned to form a new government. It became a center-right coalition with PDS and six other parties that together controlled 80 of the 140 seats in Parliament.
- Also see abbreviationfinder.org for how the acronym AL stands for the country of Albania and other meanings of this two-letter abbreviation.
|Gross domestic product (GDP)||$ 36,010,000,000|
|GDP growth rate||3.80%|
|GDP per capita||$ 12,500|
|GDP by sector|
|Proportion of the population below the national poverty line||14.3%|
|Distribution of household income|
|Industrial production growth rate||2.90%|
|Investment volume||29% of GDP|
|National debt||71.80% of GDP|
|Foreign exchange reserves||3,274,000,000 USD|
|Number of visitors||3,341,000|
It was seen as a progress that no violence or even loud street protests occurred in connection with the election, although international observers pointed to flaws in the organization. In November, the European Commission noted in a report that the political situation in Albania had improved and that democratic institutions, the judiciary and public administration had been strengthened. The conclusion was that Albania could sign a Stabilization and Association Agreement with the EU as early as 2006.