Angola 2005

Africa

Yearbook 2005

Angola. A long-anticipated process of conducting democratic elections beginning in 2006 began when an electoral law was adopted and an electoral commission began its work. According to countryaah, Luanda is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Angola. It was stated that President José Eduardo dos Santos is allowed to run for up to three terms. dos Santos has been president since 1979 but has never been formally elected.

Economy

Inflation rate 29.80%
Unemployment rate 6.6%
Gross domestic product (GDP) 193,600,000,000 USD
GDP growth rate -2.50%
GDP per capita 6,800 USD
GDP by sector
Agriculture 10.20%
Industry 61.40%
Service 28.40%
State budget
Revenue 14.07 billion
Expenditure 10.78 billion
Proportion of the population below the national poverty line 40.5%
Distribution of household income
Top 10% 44.7
Lower 10% 0.6
Industrial production growth rate 0.90%
Investment volume 15.6% of GDP
National debt 65.00% of GDP
Foreign exchange reserves $ 18,100,000,000
Tourism 2014
Number of visitors 595,000
Revenue $ 1,597,000,000

 

While Angola is slowly normalizing after many years of war, and about 4 million displaced people have been able to return to their homes since 2002, several hundred thousand were reported to be living in extremely difficult conditions beyond the reach of relief efforts. Worst, the situation was reported to be in the southeastern province of Kuando Kubango, where some 400,000 people live scattered over vast, mined and almost roadless areas. Human rights organizations suspected that those in need were exposed not only to physical isolation but also to political isolation, as the province is a stronghold of the former guerrillas, now the opposition party, UNITA.

From the enclave Cabinda, sandwiched between the two Congo states, came occasional reports of army offensive against the separatist guerrilla Frente de Libertação do Estado de Cabinda (State of Cabinda’s Liberation Front, FLEC) and abuse of the civilian population.

Angola was affected in the second quarter by the most severe outbreak of the viral disease marburg fever. Nearly 400 people died, mainly in the northern province of Uige, before the epidemic subsided.