Argentina had a population of approximately 39 million people in 2005. The majority of the population was of European descent, with significant minorities from indigenous and Afro-Argentine backgrounds. The economy was largely driven by the services sector, followed by industry and agriculture. In terms of foreign relations, Argentina maintained diplomatic ties with most countries in South America as well as major powers such as the United States and European Union.
According to ehistorylib, the politics of Argentina in 2005 were relatively stable due to a successful transition to a democratic government after decades of military rule. Nevertheless, corruption remained a significant problem which hampered economic growth and development efforts. In addition, organized crime was still widespread throughout the country and posed a threat to public safety and security. In response to these issues, the government sought assistance from international organizations such as the United Nations and World Bank in order to help strengthen its institutions and reduce levels of crime and corruption.
Argentina. The congressional election on October 23, when two-thirds of the seats in the House of Representatives and one-third of the Senate seats would be renewed, became primarily a force measurement between two rival factions within the ruling Peronist Party (Partido Justicialista, PJ), led by President Néstor Kirchner and former President Eduardo Duhalde. The gap between the two deepened during the year, among other things. through a conflict in the province of Buenos Aires. There, in January, the governor and also Kirchner’s supporters, Felipe Solá, vetoed the revised provincial budget proposed by the provincial congress, dominated by Duhalde.
Ahead of the election itself, President Kirchner launched a new party, Frente para la Victoria (FPV), to challenge Duhaldes power in Buenos Aires, and he succeeded quite well. FPV got 20 seats in the House of Representatives and 2 in the Senate, while PJ got 7 and 1. respectively. In addition, Kirchner’s wife Cristina Fernández won over Duhalda’s wife Hilda “Chiche” González in the Senate elections in Buenos Aires. By contrast, FPV’s candidate for the House of Representatives in the Federal District, Foreign Minister Rafael Bielsa, failed; instead Maurício Macri from the center – right party Propuesta Republicana (Pro) won 34% of the vote there. Overall, President Kirchner’s position in the House of Representatives was strengthened but not enough to get his own majority, which he does, however, in the Senate.
According to countryaah, Buenos Aires is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Argentina. Raúl Castells, one of the top leaders of the unemployed protest organizations, was arrested by police on February 22 when he took part in a cotton growers protest in the province of Chaco. He had been arrested in August of the previous year when he led an occupation of a casino, but was released in October against a promise not to participate in several protests, a promise the authorities considered he had broken with this.
- Also see abbreviationfinder.org for how the acronym AR stands for the country of Argentina and other meanings of this two-letter abbreviation.
On November 14, Buenos Aires Mayor Aníbal Ibarra was forced to step down. A legal process against him regarding his responsibility for the big disco fire in December 2004, when 194 people were killed, was initiated. The disco was overcrowded and lacked functioning emergency exits when the fire occurred.
The North and South American Summit in Mar del Plata in early November led to widespread and violent demonstrations, notably against US President George W. Bush’s participation but also against the US proposal for an All-American Free Trade Project, the Free Trade Area of the Americas, which was discussed at the meeting.
Three days of national mourning for Maradona
The Argentine government is announcing three days of national mourning to honor the football star Maradona, who died suddenly at the age of 60. During that time, a vigil will be held in the Presidential Palace Casa Rosada. Pope Francis, who is from Argentina, says he will remember Maradona in his prayers. Maradona played a crucial role when Argentina won the 1986 FIFA World Cup.
Bill on abortion in progress
President Alberto Fernández announces that he will soon present a new bill to legalize abortion to Congress. Through this, he will fulfill one of his election promises, but later than expected due to the ongoing corona pandemic. The issue is controversial in Argentina, where the Catholic Church opposes legalization. An earlier proposal was voted down in the Senate in 2018, after being approved by the lower house of Congress, the House of Representatives (see August 2018). Unlike now, the bill was not supported by then-President Mauricio Macri.
The Minister of Defense formerly accuses generals of conspiring
Defense Minister Agustin Rossi accuses a group of retired soldiers of being behind a conspiracy in order to weaken the current left-wing government. According to Rossi, the group has tried to present themselves as an alternative to the current military leadership. The ones who are mainly singled out are two retired generals Ernesto Bossi and Daniel Reimundes. Bossi denies in an interview with the newspaper Clarín that there is something in the accusation and claims that the group only wants to participate in the debate on security issues in Argentina.
Protests against the IMF and against the government
The number of protests in Argentina is increasing rapidly. When the IMFWhen negotiators arrive in the country, they are met by protesters. In Argentina, there has been a deep mistrust of the IMF since the crisis around the turn of the millennium, when many Argentines believe that the organization’s demands worsened the situation. But protests are also being leveled at the government, which has been criticized for imposing too strict restrictions on fighting the corona pandemic, while the number infected with covid-19 has increased rapidly, nearly 35,000 people have died from the viral disease, and the measures have hit the economy hard. The government is also accused of using the restrictions to suppress criticism. Protests have also been directed against what is seen as an attempt to interfere in the legal proceedings against Vice President Cristina Kirchner, who is accused of several cases of corruption. A sensitive case concerns three judges appointed by former President Macri who have been involved in the legal proceedings against Kirchner to be transferred. In September, the Senate voted in favor of the decision, in a session boycotted by the opposition. The decision was then approved by President Alberto Fernández (seeSeptember 2020).