Botswana. According to countryaah, Gaborone is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Botswana. Botswana’s good reputation as one of Africa’s most open democracies was spotted at the beginning of the year when an Australian professor of political science was ordered to leave the country after facing harsh criticism of the regime. According to the state scientist, Botswana is ruled by an elite who, especially when it comes to electing the president’s successor, makes his decisions behind closed doors and manipulates the state media. The professor appealed the deportation decision but lost in court and was forced to leave Botswana.
When the rich G8 countries decided in July to write off debt for the world’s poorest countries, Botswana was not affected as the country’s finances with the help of diamond mining were relatively stable. But President Festus Mogae said that Botswana should still have received the aid because the country is worse affected by HIV/AIDS than any other country in the world; almost 40% of the country’s sexually active adults are infected with HIV. This means high costs, which means that Botswana can no longer allocate resources for development as before. However, at an international AIDS conference in Brazil in July, new figures were presented that showed that Botswana is beginning to gain control over its severe HIV epidemic.
In the fall, some 20 people from the Bush people were prosecuted by basarwa who tried to return to the reserve from which basarwa had previously been forced to relocate. A British-based group, Survival International, which supports indigenous peoples worldwide, accused the government of ethnic cleansing and said the 20 had been driven away with weapons threats and arson, all with the intention of paving the way for the exploitation of diamond deposits. Authorities denied this and instead accused the Bushmen of attacking the police.