Burundi. After a bloody civil war and a protracted peace process, Burundi’s situation in 2005 looked brighter than ever before. A new constitution establishing a fair division of power between the ethnic majority of Hutu and the minority Tutsi was adopted by a large majority in a referendum in February, after which general elections were held in the spring. The democratically executed elections gave the former rebel movement Democratic Defense Forces (FDD) political power at all levels. The party, which in a short time has been transformed from an armed hutumilis, won in 75 of 129 municipalities, gained its own majority in the National Assembly and 30 of the 34 seats in the indirectly elected Senate. Finally, FDD leader Pierre Nkurunziza was elected president. He formed a government that, in accordance with the new constitution, contained as many Hutus as Tutsis. Several key positions were awarded to the FDD, whose great successes were partly attributed to the fact that despite its past as a radical Hut nationalist, the party managed to attract a large number of Tutsis. Seven of the 20 ministerial posts went to women.
In accordance with the peace agreement and the constitution, a new army and a new police force began to be built with the aim of achieving ethnic balance. The Tutsi minority’s control of the security forces has previously made all peace attempts impossible.
However, the violence continued, albeit on a limited scale, as the last remaining hutumilis, the National Liberation Forces (FNL), refused to recognize the new government and lay down its weapons.
According to countryaah, Gitega is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Burundi. The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank depreciated USD 1.5 billion of Burundi’s foreign debt. The country was thus estimated to save $ 40-50 million annually and promised to invest this money on health care and education.