Cameroon. According to countryaah, Yaounde is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Cameroon. The conflict with Nigeria over the right to the Bakassi Peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea extended over time. In 2003, the International Court of Justice in The Hague granted Cameroon the right to the 1,000 km 2 large peninsula in a fish and oil-rich area, but Nigeria did not fulfill its obligation to evacuate the area before October 2004. Cameroon in June accused Cameroon of attacking Cameroonian military positions, but the neighboring government claimed that it was the local Nigerian fisherman population who took up arms against Cameroon’s army.
However, the two governments agreed to begin demarcating their entire 169-mile common border in 2006 and received a € 4 million grant from the European Commission for the work.
In October, UN experts raised alarms about a problem of a completely different kind. A study showed, according to the UN, that the natural pond at Lake Nyos 30 miles north of the capital Yaoundé is bursting. The dam consists of volcanic rocks and is, according to the experts, so heavily eroded that it will burst within the next few years if nothing is done. In this case, not only large areas will be submerged; At the bottom of the lake there are large amounts of carbon dioxide that can be spread over the area in the form of toxic clouds if the water disappears. This happened in 1986, when 1,800 people were suffocated by a smoke puff from the lake. According to UN experts, discharging large quantities of water would release much larger gas clouds.