Map of Nigeria Abuja
Africa

Nigeria 2005

Yearbook 2005 Nigeria. According to countryaah, Abuja is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Nigeria. President Olusegun Obasanjo has promised a tough fight against corruption, which has long diminished Nigeria’s reputation. Several prominent people fell victim to the campaign during the year, led by the EFFC Eco Crime Commission. […]

ALEXANDRIA
Africa

Alexandria Travel Guide

Alexandria combines a long history with beautiful beaches. Situated on the shores of the Mediterranean, Alexandria is Egypt’s second largest city and a historically significant destination. The city is reminiscent of Turkey or Greece. It is also known as the “Pearl of the Mediterranean”. History and beaches Alexandria is located in northern Egypt on the […]

Angola History
Africa

Angola History

Around 8000 years ago, the Khoisan people lived in what is now Angola as gatherers and small animal hunters. From 500 AD, Bantus came to the areas and were hunters and gatherers in the arid regions, and nomadic cattle herders in the more fertile areas, some of whom also farmed. From around 1400 various states […]

Djibouti Politics
Africa

Djibouti Politics and Law

Djibouti, Djibouti, officially the Arab Djumhurijja Djibouti [d ʒ -], French République de Djibouti [repy Republic də -], German Djibouti, state in northeast Africa, at the outlet of the Red Sea in the Gulf of Aden, with (2019) 973 600 residents; The capital is Djibouti. Country facts Official name: Republic of Djibouti License plate: DJI […]

WTO History
Africa Asia Europe Middle East North America Oceania South America

WTO History

The emergence The World Trade Organization (WTO) was formed in 1995, but plans for an international trade organization already existed when the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank were formed in 1944. A decision was made in 1948 to establish the International Trade Organization (ITO) as a specialist body within the UN. However, […]

The highest mountains in the world
Africa

The 10 highest mountains in the world

There are many mountains worldwide that are referred to as eight-thousanders because they are higher than 8000 meters. The highest mountain in the world is Mount Everest, which is located in Nepal. As early as 1953, Mount Everest, which means “forehead of the sky”, was climbed for the first time – by New Zealander Edmund […]

Africa History
Africa

Africa History

Fossils from East and South Africa show that modern humans, Homo sapiens , originated in Africa 100,000-150,000 years ago. Agriculture, with the cultivation of grain and animal husbandry, was run in Northeast Africa 10,000–12,000 years ago. Agriculture led to strong population growth and, together with the spread of iron smelting technology, became a driving force […]

Map of Algeria Algiers
Africa

Algeria 2005

Yearbook 2005 Algeria.President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s plan for an amnesty for crimes committed during the civil war was approved in a September 29 referendum. The so-called Declaration for Peace and Reconciliation meant that the legal processes against many persons accused of crimes in connection with the civil war were interrupted. The amnesty included both Islamist rebels […]

Map of Angola Luanda
Africa

Angola 2005

Yearbook 2005 Angola. A long-anticipated process of conducting democratic elections beginning in 2006 began when an electoral law was adopted and an electoral commission began its work. According to countryaah, Luanda is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Angola. It was stated that President José Eduardo dos Santos is […]

Map of Benin Porto Novo
Africa

Benin 2005

Yearbook 2005 Benin. According to countryaah, Porto-Novo is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Benin. The revelation that US telecommunications company Titan had paid more than $ 2.1 million to President Mathieu Kérékou’s reelection campaign in 2001 caused a stir. During the 1990s, Titan had built up a mobile […]

Map of Botswana Gaborone
Africa

Botswana 2005

Yearbook 2005 Botswana. According to countryaah, Gaborone is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Botswana. Botswana’s good reputation as one of Africa’s most open democracies was spotted at the beginning of the year when an Australian professor of political science was ordered to leave the country after facing harsh […]

Map of Burkina Faso Ouagadougou
Africa

Burkina Faso 2005

Yearbook 2005 Burkina Faso. With just over 80% of the vote, President Blaise Compaoré was re-elected on November 13. Compaoré has ruled Burkina Faso since he took power in a coup in 1987. He had already served two terms of office as elected leader and, according to a rule from 2000, could not really stand […]

Map of Burundi Gitega
Africa

Burundi 2005

Yearbook 2005 Burundi. After a bloody civil war and a protracted peace process, Burundi’s situation in 2005 looked brighter than ever before. A new constitution establishing a fair division of power between the ethnic majority of Hutu and the minority Tutsi was adopted by a large majority in a referendum in February, after which general […]

Map of Cape Verde Praia
Africa

Cabo Verde 2005

Yearbook 2005 Cape Verde. According to countryaah, Praia is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Cape Verde. Prime Minister José Maria Neves said at a visit to the former colonial power in Portugal in May that Cabo Verde is interested in applying for membership in the EU. The idea […]

Map of Cameroon Yaounde
Africa

Cameroon 2005

Yearbook 2005 Cameroon. According to countryaah, Yaounde is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Cameroon. The conflict with Nigeria over the right to the Bakassi Peninsula in the Gulf of Guinea extended over time. In 2003, the International Court of Justice in The Hague granted Cameroon the right to […]

Map of Central African Republic Bangui
Africa

Central African Republic 2005

Yearbook 2005 Central African Republic. After a military coup in 2003, which put an end to a long period of political chaos, the Central African Republic returned to a democratically elected leadership. Sitting military president François Bozizé won in a second election round with close to 65% of the vote. The new party alliance Convergence […]

Map of Chad N'Djamena
Africa

Chad 2005

Yearbook 2005 Chad. Prime Minister Moussa Faki Mahamat and a few other ministers were forced to leave their positions in February after public servants strike in protest against missing wages. Former Minister of Agriculture Pascal Yoadimnadji was appointed new head of government. According to countryaah, N’Djamena is the capital and one of the major cities […]

Map of Comoros Moroni
Africa

Comoros 2005

Yearbook 2005 Comoros. According to countryaah, Moroni is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Comoros. President Azali Assoumani visited France in January, the first state visit in 20 years that a Comorian leader had been in the former colonial power. Assoumani met with both the President of France and […]

Map of Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa
Africa

Democratic Republic of the Congo 2005

Yearbook 2005 Congo. A referendum in December approved a new constitution, which lowers the minimum age for a presidential candidate to 30 years. It allows 34-year-old current President Joseph Kabila to stand for re-election. Government work is to be led by a prime minister, but both the EU and the UN have expressed concern that […]

Map of Djibouti Djibouti
Africa

Djibouti 2005

Yearbook 2005 Djibouti. According to countryaah, Djibouti is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Djibouti. Ismail Umar Guelleh was re-elected president on April 8. The only candidate who had challenged him, Mohamed Daoud Chehem, had resigned in March on the grounds that he could not fund his campaign. Guelleh […]

Map of Egypt Cairo
Africa

Egypt 2005

Yearbook 2005 Egypt. According to countryaah, Cairo is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Egypt. 2005 was the year in which Egypt received a political debate worth the name. Following pressure from the United States in particular, President Hosni Mubarak pushed through constitutional changes in the spring, which meant […]

Map of Equatorial Guinea Malabo
Africa

Equatorial Guinea 2005

Yearbook 2005 Equatorial Guinea. According to countryaah, Malabo is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Equatorial Guinea. Six Armenians who were convicted in 2004 of participating in a coup attempt were pardoned by President Teodoro Obiang Nguema shortly after Amnesty International had sharply criticized the conditions in their prison. […]

Map of Eritrea Asmara
Africa

Eritrea 2005

Yearbook 2005 Eritrea. The extremely aid-dependent Eritrea was bewildered and troubled again by his devious attitude towards the outside world. Despite the UN’s alarm in June of a looming humanitarian crisis due to food shortages and low agricultural production as a result of drought and a permanent military readiness, authorities in the autumn sharply cut […]

Map of Swaziland Mbabana
Africa

Eswatini 2005

Yearbook 2005 Swaziland. In January, the country’s largest trade union conducted a two-day general strike demanding democratic reform. At the same time as Parliament was debating a new constitution, the union demanded that King Mswati’s absolute power be limited. A large array of police and military guarded the capital, where demonstrative workers came in buses. […]

Map of Ethiopia Addis Ababa
Africa

Ethiopia 2005

Yearbook 2005 Ethiopia. According to countryaah, Addis Ababa is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Ethiopia. Parliamentary elections were held in May after a dirty election campaign and accusations against the government for persecution of oppositionists. The human rights organization Human Rights Watch also accused the regime of silencing […]

Map of Gabon Libreville
Africa

Gabon 2005

Yearbook 2005 Gabon. According to countryaah, Libreville is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Gabon. A census presented in March showed that Gabon’s population had increased by 50% to 1.5 million between 1993 and 2003. Experts and opposition politicians dismissed the increase as technically impossible and suspected that the […]

Map of Gambia Banjul
Africa

Gambia 2005

Yearbook 2005 The Gambia. According to countryaah, Banjul is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Gambia. Two ministers and 17 high-ranking officials were dismissed in March after suspicions of corruption in their ministries and government works. President Yahya Jammeh initiated a campaign against bribery in the public administration in […]

Map of Ghana Accra
Africa

Ghana 2005

Yearbook 2005 Ghana. Since the closure of Ghana Airways in February after major losses, Ghana was without a national airline until October, when Ghana International Airlines (GIA) made its maiden flight between Accra and London on an hired plane. GIA is owned by 70% by the state and 30% by a US-Ghanaian consortium. While it […]

Map of Guinea Conakry
Africa

Guinea 2005

Yearbook 2005 Guinea. On January 19, reports came that a column in which President Lansana Conté was traveling had been shot by unknown men. However, Conté did well and no casualties were reported. Hundreds of people are said to have been arrested in what the regime called a coup attempt. However, most of the arrested […]

Map of Guinea-Bissau Bissau
Africa

Guinea-Bissau 2005

Yearbook 2005 Guinea Bissau is a country located in Africa as noted by Abbreviationfinder. At the beginning of the year, tensions rose for the presidential election, which in March was postponed to June 19. Delays in the establishment of voting lengths were said to be the cause. The ruling party African Independence Party of Guinea […]

Map of Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro
Africa

Ivory Coast 2005

Yearbook 2005 Ivory Coast. In December 2004, Parliament had amended several laws to facilitate the peace process after the civil war of 2002–03. In January, however, President Laurent Gbagbo said that the key issue about the presidential candidates’ “pure” Ivorian background must be submitted to a referendum. When he also demanded that the peacekeeping forces […]

Map of Kenya Nairobi
Africa

Kenya 2005

Yearbook 2005 Kenya. After several years of debate, the government presented a proposal for a new constitution in July. However, the restriction of the president’s power that the current government went to elections in 2002 had been significantly watered down, triggering riots in Nairobi. The bill also divided the broadly composed government, where several ministers […]

Map of Lesotho Maseru
Africa

Lesotho 2005

Yearbook 2005 Lesotho. According to countryaah, Maseru is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Lesotho. The first nationwide municipal elections were held in April, but were characterized by low interest. The opposition boycotted the elections with reference to poor preparation and unclear powers for the new municipal assemblies, which […]

Map of Liberia Monrovia
Africa

Liberia 2005

Yearbook 2005 Liberia. During its provisional regime, added at the end of the civil war in 2003, Liberia began to return to normal contact with the outside world. At the UN summit in New York in September, Acting President Gyude Bryant signed 103 international agreements, ranging from trade rules and human rights issues to the […]

Map of Libya Tripoli
Africa

Libya 2005

Yearbook 2005 Libya. In May, Libya stopped the last agreed payment of damages to relatives of the dead in the Lockerbie attack in 1988. Since 2003 and 2004, Libya had paid a total of US $ 8 million for each of the 270 victims since the UN sanctions against the country. The last payment, of […]

Map of Madagascar Antananarivo
Africa

Madagascar 2005

Yearbook 2005 Madagascar. Hopes for strong economic growth, driven by increased tourism and successful exports of textiles and vanilla, were dampened by an energy crisis that was mainly caused by the sharply increased oil price. The state-owned energy company Jirama bases 60% of its electricity generation on diesel and ended up with serious financial problems […]

Map of Malawi Lilongwe
Africa

Malawi 2005

Yearbook 2005 Malawi. Newly elected President Bingu wa Mutharika was threatened at the beginning of the year with the exclusion of his party the United Democratic Front (UDF). He had been on edge with the party since he started a campaign against corruption that affected, among other things. several ministers and civil servants who were […]

Map of Mali Bamako
Africa

Mali 2005

Yearbook 2005 Mali. According to countryaah, Bamako is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Mali. Mali was severely affected by the same famine as other countries in the region, however, without being noticed in foreign media as much as neighboring Niger. More than 1 million residents were described as […]

Map of Mauritania Nouakchott
Africa

Mauritania 2005

Yearbook 2005 Mauritania. On August 3, a group of militants conducted a coup in Mauritania. Meanwhile, President Maaouya Ould Sid’Ahmed Taya, who himself came to power in a 1984 coup, was at King Fahd’s funeral in Saudi Arabia. The bloody coup began with soldiers from the presidential guard occupying the army headquarters, the state radio […]