WTO History

WTO History

The emergence The World Trade Organization (WTO) was formed in 1995, but plans for an international trade organization already existed when the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank were formed in 1944. A decision was made in 1948 to establish the International Trade Organization (ITO) as a specialist body within the UN. However, […]

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Map of United States Washington D.C.

United States 2005

Yearbook 2005 USA. The beginning of President George W. Bush’s second term was marked by adversity for his Republican party. According to countryaah, Washington, D. C. is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of United States. The domestic political debate was permeated by bitter contradictions between the parties, and a […]

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Map of Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain

Trinidad and Tobago 2005

Yearbook 2005 Trinidad and Tobago. When elections were held to the local parliament in Tobago on January 17, the ruling bourgeois party PNM (People’s National Movement) won eleven of the twelve seats. According to countryaah, Port-of-Spain is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Trinidad and Tobago. A mandate went […]

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Map of Saint Lucia Castries

Saint Lucia 2005

Yearbook 2005 Saint Lucia. In the spring, the CARICOM countries, which include Saint Lucia, installed the new Caribbean Court of Justice, which will settle disputes between Member States of the Caribbean Cooperation Organization and possibly replace the British Privy Council as the highest court in the country. According to countryaah, Castries is the capital and […]

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Map of Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre

Saint Kitts and Nevis 2005

Yearbook 2005 Saint Christopher and Nevis. In March, the government decided to close the 300-year-old, state-owned sugar industry after the year’s harvest was salvaged. The sugar industry that had been so important for many years had suffered a great loss. According to countryaah, Basseterre is the capital and one of the major cities within the […]

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Map of Panama Panama City

Panama 2005

Yearbook 2005 Panama. According to countryaah, Panama City is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Panama. President Martín Torrio’s draft budget, which was presented in January and included cuts in the public sector and increased corporate taxes to overcome the budget deficit, was met by strong protests from both […]

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Map of Nicaragua Managua

Nicaragua 2005

Yearbook 2005 Nicaragua. Both the ruling Liberal Party PLC (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista) and the main opposition party Sandinist Party FSLN (Frente Sandinista de la Liberación Nacional) have experienced fragmentation trends during the year. Especially within the FSLN, excitement is rising ahead of the 2006 presidential election since the very popular former mayor of Managua and […]

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Map of Mexico Mexico City

Mexico 2005

Yearbook 2005 Mexico. By the end of the year, the three main candidates for the 2006 presidential election were ready. The nomination processes in all three major parties were bordered by internal struggles. According to countryaah, Mexico City is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Mexico. The candidate who, […]

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Map of Jamaica Kingston

Jamaica 2005

Yearbook 2005 Jamaica. According to countryaah, Kingston is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Jamaica. The right-wing opposition party Jamaica’s Workers Party (JLP) in February elected Bruce Golding as new leader since Edward Seaga opted to step down. Golding was a member of the JLP between 1970 and 1995, […]

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Map of Honduras Tegucigalpa

Honduras 2005

Yearbook 2005 Honduras. After a long drawn out voting process, the Liberal Party’s candidate, the former bank director Manuel Zelaya, was declared twelve days after the November 27 election day as barely a winner in the presidential election in Honduras. At the same time, elections to Congress, mayor posts and city councils were held. The […]

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Map of Haiti Port au Prince

Haiti 2005

Yearbook 2005 Haiti. After many postponements, at the end of November, President Boniface Alexandre and Prime Minister Gérard Latortue decided that the elections for the presidential post and the 129 seats in Congress, originally scheduled for November 13, would be postponed yet again to early 2006. A major problem in the now several The years-long […]

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Map of Guatemala Guatemala City

Guatemala 2005

Yearbook 2005 Guatemala. As in neighboring countries, crime is by far the biggest social problem in Guatemala. It is above all the youth gang (“maras”) that accounts for the high homicide rate in Guatemala, the second highest in Central America. However, the measures that President Óscar Berger Perdomo promised before his term of office have […]

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Map of Grenada Saint George's

Grenada 2005

Yearbook 2005 Grenada. Both political and economic and everyday life in Grenada were characterized during the year by the reconstruction following Hurricane Ivan, which in September 2004 destroyed or severely damaged almost all the settlement on the island. Large parts of the crops – not least the economically important nutmeg – were destroyed and over […]

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Greenland 2005

Yearbook 2005 Greenland. During the year there were several reports that Greenlandic children are doing very poorly. In Umanaq’s municipality, for example, nearly half of the preschool children were known by the community as victims of inadequate care and almost every fifth school pupil was in need of special education. It was also reported that […]

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Map of El Salvador San Salvador

El Salvador 2005

Yearbook 2005 El Salvador. Crime continues to be El Salvador’s biggest social problem by far. According to a report in September, the murder rate was the highest in Central America with 43 per 100,000 population, which was also a 23% increase from the previous year. In March, President Antonio Saca took the initiative for a […]

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Map of Dominican Republic Santo Domingo

Dominican Republic 2005

Yearbook 2005 Dominican Republic. A murder committed by two Haitians in May in the small town of Hatillo Palma de Montecristi triggered violent riots with racist overtones and eventually a diplomatic crisis with neighboring Haiti. Slum inhabited by Haitians caught fire and at least three Haitians were killed, while the army deported nearly 4,000 of […]

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Map of Dominica Roseau

Dominica 2005

Yearbook 2005 Dominica. According to countryaah, Roseau is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Dominica. After general elections in May, the sitting government, led by the Dominica Labor Party (DLP), could safely remain in power. The ruling party took home twelve of the 21 electoral seats in Parliament’s lower […]

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Map of Cuba Havana

Cuba 2005

Yearbook 2005 Cuba. The diplomatic sanctions against Cuba introduced by the EU in June 2003, after the arrest of 75 political dissidents, were lifted following pressure from Spain on 31 January for a six-month probationary period. In June 2006, a new decision on this issue will be made. However, the EU continued to insist on […]

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Map of Costa Rica San Jose

Costa Rica 2005

Yearbook 2005 Costa Rica. According to countryaah, San Jose is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Costa Rica. Oscar Arias, president 1986-90 and recipient of the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts for peace in Central America, announced in January that he is running for the 2006 presidential […]

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Map of Canada Ottawa

Canada 2005

Yearbook 2005 Canada. In February, Canada decided not to participate in the space-based robot defense that the United States planned. The following month, the Supreme Court of British Columbia acquitted two Sikhs who had previously been convicted of an attack on Air India in 1985. In its ruling, the court cited deficiencies in the evidence. […]

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Map of Belize Belmopan

Belize 2005

Yearbook 2005 Belize. Powerful protests erupted in April after the government declared that the state monopoly on telecommunications services would end. Employees at state telecommunications company Belize Telecommunications Limited (BTL) went on strike demanding a 37.5% stake in the company. By sabotaging a fiber optic cable, the country was cut off from the outside world […]

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Map of Barbados Bridgetown

Barbados 2005

Yearbook 2005 Barbados. As part of its quest to make Barbados a republic, Prime Minister Owen Arthur announced in February that a referendum was planned on the issue before the end of the year. However, by the end of the year, no date for the referendum had been set. In the present proposal for a […]

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Map of Bahamas Nassau

Bahamas 2005

According to countryaah, Nassau is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Bahamas. In broad terms, the situation of the Bahamas does not differ significantly from that of the other Caribbean islands, but while the other communities have made great efforts to initiate an integration process, the Bahamas has chosen […]

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Map of Antigua and Barbuda Saint John's

Antigua and Barbuda 2005

Yearbook 2005 Antigua and Barbuda. The bourgeois Antigua Labor Party (ALP), which until 2004 held the government for over half a century, repeated repeated attacks against the new government during the left-middle Alliance United Progressive Party (UPP). According to countryaah, Saint John’s is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of […]

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North America Urban and Rural Population

North America History

The first Europeans to come to North America were Norwegians. Southwest Greenland remained in 900-t. colonized from Iceland, and from Greenland, Leif the Happy came around 1000 with an expedition to the eastern coast of Canada, and built a short-lived settlement, Vinland; remnants of such a settlement are found at L’Anse-aux-Meadows on the northern tip […]

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