WTO History

WTO History

The emergence The World Trade Organization (WTO) was formed in 1995, but plans for an international trade organization already existed when the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank were formed in 1944. A decision was made in 1948 to establish the International Trade Organization (ITO) as a specialist body within the UN. However, […]

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Map of Venezuela Caracas

Venezuela 2005

Yearbook 2005 Venezuela. According to countryaah, Caracas is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Venezuela. President Hugo Chávez’s party Movimiento V República (MVR) won, for the ninth time in a row since coming to power in February 1999, major in the December 4 congressional elections. However, the biggest reason […]

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Map of Uruguay Montevideo

Uruguay 2005

Yearbook 2005 Uruguay. On March 1, new President Tabaré Vázquez, leader of the left-wing coalition Encuentro Progresista-Frente Amplio (EP-FA), was sworn into office. High hopes for a transformation of Uruguay had been linked to him, but already after two months he was subjected to internal criticism from Tupamaros, a former guerrilla group that makes up […]

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Map of Suriname Paramaribo

Suriname 2005

Yearbook 2005 Suriname. According to countryaah, Paramaribo is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Suriname. Ronald Venetiaan from the New Front (NF) was re-elected for a second term on August 3. He was constitutionally elected by the 895 strong United People’s Assembly, comprised of the nation’s parliaments at all […]

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Map of Peru Lima

Peru 2005

Yearbook 2005 Peru. According to countryaah, Lima is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Peru. Alberto Fujimori, who was President of Peru from 1990 to 2000 but who resigned and fled to Japan, appeared in Chile’s Santiago capital in November to, according to his own statement, stand in the […]

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Map of Paraguay Asuncion

Paraguay 2005

Yearbook 2005 Paraguay. The politically related violence in Paraguay harmed another victim during the year when Cecília Cubas Gusinsky, daughter of former President Raúl Cubas Grau (1998-99) who was kidnapped in September 2004, was found murdered in mid-February. The victim’s father, himself accused of involvement in the assassination of Vice President Luis Maria Argaña in […]

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Map of Guyana Georgetown

Guyana 2005

Yearbook 2005 Guyana. According to countryaah, Georgetown is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Guyana. Former Minister of the Interior Ronald Gajraj resigned his post of minister on April 11, after temporarily leaving it because of allegations of involvement in the murder of George Bacchus in June 2004. However, […]

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Map of Ecuador Quito

Ecuador 2005

Yearbook 2005 Ecuador. On April 20, Congress forced President Lúcio Gutiérrez Borbúa to resign after the presidential palace was besieged and the Congress building was plundered by tens of thousands of angry demonstrating students, Indians and middle-class people. When the military declared itself to have lost confidence in him, Gutiérrez Borboua fled the palace by […]

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Map of Colombia Bogota

Colombia 2005

Yearbook 2005 Colombia. The civil war in Colombia continues. On February 1, 16 soldiers were killed and 25 injured in an attack by the left-wing guerrilla FARC (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia) against a military base in Iscuandé in southwest Nariño province. It was the biggest attack by the FARC since President Álvaro Uribe came […]

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Map of Chile Santiago

Chile 2005

Yearbook 2005 Chile. In the first round of the December 11 presidential election, the ruling Socialist and Christian Democratic Alliance candidate Michelle Bachelet from the Socialist Party won 46% of the vote. This means that a second, decisive election round between her and her closest rival, the conservative Sebastián Piñera, who got just over 25% […]

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Map of Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan

Brazil 2005

Yearbook 2005 Brazil. In June, it was revealed that some fifty members of the PT (Partido dos Trabalhadores), including President Lula da Silva’s Chief of Staff José Dirceu and several other top names in the party, were involved in a bout where Congress members received bribes to vote for the government’s bill. According to countryaah, […]

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Map of Bolivia La Paz

Bolivia 2005

Yearbook 2005 Bolivia. According to countryaah, Sucre is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Bolivia. Evo Morales, the 46-year-old leader of Bolivia’s coca farmers and leader of the left-wing Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS), gained his own majority in the December 18 presidential election, becoming Bolivia’s first Indian in the […]

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Map of Argentina Buenos Aires

Argentina 2005

Yearbook 2005 Argentina. The congressional election on October 23, when two-thirds of the seats in the House of Representatives and one-third of the Senate seats would be renewed, became primarily a force measurement between two rival factions within the ruling Peronist Party (Partido Justicialista, PJ), led by President Néstor Kirchner and former President Eduardo Duhalde. […]

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Latin America Literature

Latin America Literature

With the colonization of South and Central America by the Spaniards and the Portuguese, a rich chronicle literature emerged describing the nature and people of the new world. In the beginning, these were European chronicles, many soldiers and clergy, and later also Native Americans who had learned the language of the colonial rulers. The Chronicles […]

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