Central African Republic. After a military coup in 2003, which put an end to a long period of political chaos, the Central African Republic returned to a democratically elected leadership. Sitting military president François Bozizé won in a second election round with close to 65% of the vote. The new party alliance Convergence Kwa Na Kwa (National Assembly for Work and Re-Work) formed in support of Bozizé came to dominate the National Assembly with the help of a number of partyless members. Parties formed by former presidents went back. Prime Minister Célestin Gaombalé was elected President of Parliament and replaced as head of government by agriculture expert Élie Doté, who most recently served at the African Development Bank.
According to countryaah, Bangui is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Central African Republic. The presidential election was preceded by a dispute over who would be allowed to run for office. The Constitutional Court wanted to exclude all aspirants except a few, but after the intervention of Bozizé, everyone was allowed to stand, except in 2003, Ange-Félix Patassé deposed who still lives in exile.
The regional economic cooperation organization CEMAC decided that the peacekeeping force of 380 men stationed in the Central African Republic in 2002 would remain the year out.
After months of silence, the fighting in June 2016 resumed between the various militias in the country. Despite the fact that MINUSCA had 12,870 uniformed personnel in the country, it was limited what they could do to combat – especially because of the country’s large geographical extent. After several years of reports of sexual assault by the French forces, the last French forces were withdrawn from the country in October. MINUSCA reported over 300 armed clashes during the year, costing over 500 civilian lives. At the end of the year, fighting took on a new dimension as contradictions in the militia led to internal armed clashes.
At the end of 2016, 434,000 were internally displaced, 468,000 were refugees in neighboring countries, and 2.3 million were displaced. out of the population of 4.8 depended on humanitarian aid.
A ceasefire between 14 militia groups was signed in Rome in June 2017. However, less than a day passed before fighting again broke out between the militia. In April, Uganda withdrew its soldiers from the country. They had formed the backbone of fighting LRA units in the country. From 2016, the main conflict between the militias was no longer religion, but economic control of mines and other natural resources – as in Congo.