Costa Rica. According to countryaah, San Jose is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Costa Rica. Oscar Arias, president 1986-90 and recipient of the 1987 Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts for peace in Central America, announced in January that he is running for the 2006 presidential election. The decision was followed by a series of departures from his party PLN (Partido Liberación Nacional) by several prominent political personalities who believe that Arias has betrayed the party’s social democratic ideal.
- Also see abbreviationfinder.org for how the acronym CR stands for the country of Costa Rica and other meanings of this two-letter abbreviation.
After seven years of conflict with Nicaragua and three years of fruitless bilateral negotiations, Costa Rica took the issue of its historic maritime rights on the San Juan River to the International Court of The Hague in September. At the same time, however, the two countries have agreed on joint investments of US $ 174 million for economic development in the border area.
Literature. – The last twenty-five years marked in Costa Rica the appearance of a decidedly new lyric, far from the symbolic suggestions of modernism: the lesson of the French surrealists, of the English imagists, of the Italian hermetics and above all of contemporary Spanish poetry, acted as a deterrent with regard to the old academic rules and aestheticizing formalism. Naturally the most important poets are those who do not limit themselves to echoing cosmopolitan motifs, but who graft these experiences on a native background, on a personal and national experience with well-defined contours. First of all, SJ Canossa, born in 1922, with his delicate and passionate love poems (Balada del amor que nata, 1959; Poemas del amor y del recuerdo, 1964) and with the most adult and meditated songs on time and death (Poemas del desencanto, 1960). A magical sense of the relationship between man and things of nature, with surprising metaphors but in a clear and clear context, expressed a poet very dear to Neruda, the “solar” A. Cardona Peña, born in 1917, whose even better things are those collected in the large anthology Cosecha major (1964), particularly the sequence Los jardines amantes, of 1952, of very fine musicality, all woven on light and mysterious transitions of moods.
The regional novel, of naturalist ancestry, is well represented by CL Fallas, born in 1911, with works such as Marcos Ramírez (1955), a novel about the hell of the “bananera”, where an agricultural proletariat among the most unhappy on earth lives and suffers.. Tones of protest are also found in F. Dobles, born in 1918 and, particularly, in a writer of more subtle and personal stylistic quality, J. Gutiérrez, born in 1918, whose Puerto Limón (1950) still remains an example of social investigation inserted in a landscape that becomes a true poetic atmosphere.
The Costa Rican theater, after the works of the prolific JF Garnier, born in 1884, which were applauded at the time throughout Latin America, did not provide anything exemplary, except for some texts by AC Fernández, with a more restless and modern tone.
San José, the capital of Costa Rica; 288,100 residents (2011); with suburbs, the city holds 2.16 million. San José is located in the central highlands at an altitude of 1160 m; The climate is tropical with summer rain. The area is volcanic with several active volcanoes.
The city was changed. 1736 as Villa Nueva, but growth began only when coffee drinking became common in Europe and the United States. The coffee trade meant that the city became one of Central America’s richest, and churches, schools, museums and theaters were built. The National Theater of 1897, built with donations from rich coffee farmers and with the Paris Opera as an example.
A strong population growth in the 1960’s and 1970’s has meant that many old buildings have been replaced by modern American architecture. This Americanization reflects both the Costa Rican’s dream of the United States and the fact that 20,000-30,000 Americans live in the country. Urban growth has also caused a lot of pollution, and most recently slums have shot up in the southern part of the city.