Equatorial Guinea 2005

Africa

Yearbook 2005

Equatorial Guinea. According to countryaah, Malabo is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Equatorial Guinea. Six Armenians who were convicted in 2004 of participating in a coup attempt were pardoned by President Teodoro Obiang Nguema shortly after Amnesty International had sharply criticized the conditions in their prison. Amnesty also claimed that serious misconduct occurred during a new trial against 70 people accused of yet another alleged coup attempt in 2004. That coup attempt was almost not noticed at all in the outside world, and the trial was conducted largely unobstructed. In September, 23 people were sentenced to prison for up to 30 years.

In December, the fugitive opposition leader Severo Moto was deprived of the right of asylum he has enjoyed since 1986 in the former colonial power of Spain. The Spanish authorities accused him of using the asylum to plan coup attempts in his home country. Moto, who was sentenced to 63 years in prison in 2004 in his absence for a coup attempt in Equatorial Guinea, accused Obiang’s regime of affecting Spain and said the decision would be appealed.

The regime in Equatorial Guinea is one of the toughest in Africa but is supported by many democratic states because of its vast oil resources. So far, mainly US companies have been handling oil recovery, but in October the President announced that China was invited to participate in the exploitation of Equatorial Guinea’s oil and other natural resources after amortizing a “large portion” of Equatorial Guinea’s debt to the country.