Jamaica. According to countryaah, Kingston is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Jamaica. The right-wing opposition party Jamaica’s Workers Party (JLP) in February elected Bruce Golding as new leader since Edward Seaga opted to step down. Golding was a member of the JLP between 1970 and 1995, when he resigned to found a new party. Prior to the 2002 parliamentary elections, he returned to the JLP.
The CARICOM countries, which include Jamaica, installed in the spring Court of the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ) to resolve disputes between Member States of the Caribbean Cooperation Organization and possibly replace the British Privy Council as the highest court in the countries. The dissatisfaction with the Privy Council has been great in Jamaica, since the Council stopped the execution of the death sentences. A majority of Jamaicans advocate the death penalty as a way to cope with the high crime rate.
In September, JLP organized demonstrations in protest of increased electricity, transport and food prices. Many schools and shops were closed during the demonstrations. Jamaica imports large quantities of oil, whose high price, according to the government, was the reason for the price increases. During the year, Jamaica signed an agreement with oil-rich Venezuela on bargain prices at a favorable price.