Map of Luxembourg Luxembourg

Luxembourg 2005


Yearbook 2005

Luxembourg 2005

Luxembourg. According to countryaah, Luxembourg is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Luxembourg. The Luxembourg people voted in a referendum in July for the Treaty on a New EU Constitution. Unlike several other EU countries, Luxembourg, despite voters in France and the Netherlands, previously voted no to the Treaty. The result was seen as a victory for Prime Minister Jean-Claude Juncker, who had threatened to resign at a no. All parties in Parliament supported the treaty, but the jas side nevertheless received no more than 56% of the vote. The referendum was the first in Luxembourg since the 1930s.

  • Also see for how the acronym LU stands for the country of Luxembourg and other meanings of this two-letter abbreviation.

Map of Luxembourg Luxembourg

2008 Economic crisis

The global economic crisis, like the other Baltic countries, hit Lithaun hard. The country’s economic development since its accession to the EU in 2004 was largely loan-financed, and the crisis therefore hit both the private economy and the social economy severely. GDP fell by 16.8% in 2009 and unemployment continued to rise during the year. By December, it had reached 15.8% and youth unemployment had reached 30.4%. During the first 3 quarters of 2009, construction activity declined by 46.8% and retail sales fell 30%.

The Conservative government’s response to the crisis was the firing of public servants and the decline in wages. In the third quarter of 2009, Lithaun EU had a record when wages as a whole fell by 10.9%. Conservative politics led to frequent demonstrations. In January 2009, two major demonstrations were convened by the trade union movement. Both demonstrations were attacked by police with rubber bullets, lace and tear gas. In April, new demonstrations came. This time by police, fire departments and border police in protest of the wage cuts. Some policemen participated barefoot in the demonstration in protest of the widespread poverty in the country.

The May 2009 presidential election was won by independent Dalia Grybauskaitė, who received a landslide victory with 68.2% of the vote. She became the country’s first female president. Due. the country’s deep economic crisis, she declared that she would receive only half of the salary the president had received until then.

In July, Parliament passed a law banning all mention of homosexuality in the media, schools and public places. The law was to enter into force in March 2010. The EU objected to the law that violates human rights. The Union also pointed out that it can impose sanctions on Member States that violate its common values.

Last fall, it was officially confirmed that from 2004-05, Lithaun had participated in the CIA’s “rendition program” – incarceration, interrogation and torture of terror suspects. Lithaun had built a special secret prison in Antaviliai outside Vilnius. At least eight terror suspects had been deployed and interrogated in this prison in 2004-05, flown in by the CIA on unregistered flights and outside the immigration authority. Lithaun had secretly participated in the United States torture program.