Malawi 2005

Africa

Yearbook 2005

Malawi. Newly elected President Bingu wa Mutharika was threatened at the beginning of the year with the exclusion of his party the United Democratic Front (UDF). He had been on edge with the party since he started a campaign against corruption that affected, among other things. several ministers and civil servants who were close to former President Bakili Muluzi. The president anticipated the exclusion by leaving the UDF and forming a new party, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP).

According to countryaah, Lilongwe is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Malawi. The UDF was avenged by putting the president before the national court. He was charged, among other things. for having made a series of decisions without Parliament’s approval, for having left the party on whose mandate he was elected, and for funding his new party with state funds. At the same time as the judicial process began, the predecessor Muluzi was subjected to a comprehensive corruption investigation and Vice President Cassim Chilumpha – UDF member and Muluzilojalist – was arrested by police suspected of corruption.

By the departure of the UDF, the president had put himself in a difficult parliamentary position. His position was somewhat strengthened in December, when DPP won the general election in six constituencies. The election success indicated that wa Mutharika had the opinion on his side.

The major donors, with Britain, the US and the EU at the forefront, threatened with withdrawn support if the politicians engaged in time-consuming legal processes against each other instead of solving Malawi’s devastating supply crisis. Severe drought had led to a growth that made five million people – 40% of the population – acutely starved. The food shortage pushed up food prices, which caused inflation to accelerate.

Before that, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had praised Malawi for good budgetary discipline and for stimulating private business, which was considered to create many new jobs in the long run. With the support of the World Bank, the state had also initiated a land distribution program to buy land and distribute landless land.