Malawi. Newly elected President Bingu wa Mutharika was threatened at the beginning of the year with the exclusion of his party the United Democratic Front (UDF). He had been on edge with the party since he started a campaign against corruption that affected, among other things. several ministers and civil servants who were close to former President Bakili Muluzi. The president anticipated the exclusion by leaving the UDF and forming a new party, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP).
According to countryaah, Lilongwe is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Malawi. The UDF was avenged by putting the president before the national court. He was charged, among other things. for having made a series of decisions without Parliament’s approval, for having left the party on whose mandate he was elected, and for funding his new party with state funds. At the same time as the judicial process began, the predecessor Muluzi was subjected to a comprehensive corruption investigation and Vice President Cassim Chilumpha – UDF member and Muluzilojalist – was arrested by police suspected of corruption.
- Also see abbreviationfinder.org for how the acronym MW stands for the country of Malawi and other meanings of this two-letter abbreviation.
By the departure of the UDF, the president had put himself in a difficult parliamentary position. His position was somewhat strengthened in December, when DPP won the general election in six constituencies. The election success indicated that wa Mutharika had the opinion on his side.
The major donors, with Britain, the US and the EU at the forefront, threatened with withdrawn support if the politicians engaged in time-consuming legal processes against each other instead of solving Malawi’s devastating supply crisis. Severe drought had led to a growth that made five million people – 40% of the population – acutely starved. The food shortage pushed up food prices, which caused inflation to accelerate.
Before that, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) had praised Malawi for good budgetary discipline and for stimulating private business, which was considered to create many new jobs in the long run. With the support of the World Bank, the state had also initiated a land distribution program to buy land and distribute landless land.
Dictionary of History
Malawi A state in southern Africa, overlooking the western shore of Lake Niassa. Populated by Bantu- speaking groups, around the 15th century. saw the formation of a series of state realities and their union in the Marawi confederation, which had its maximum development in the 17th century. controlling large regions of odds. Zambia and Mozambique. Between 17th and 18th century the Ngonde and Chikulamayembe kingdoms arose, limited in their expansion by the spread of the slave trade (18th -19th century) and by the arrival in the mid-nineteenth century of Ngoni groups and yao and Swahili communities, of Islamic religion, linked to trade with the coast of the Indian ocean. It was D. Livingstone insteadto inaugurate the Christian missionary presence. British protectorate since 1891, in 1907 it was called Nyasaland. Seat of Christian religious movements with an anti-colonial imprint, the territory became a labor reserve for the mining and agricultural activities of the two adjacent rich English colonies of Northern Rhodesia. and merid. (odd. Zambia and Zimbabwe), with which in 1953 he was associated in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, dominated by the white minority of southern Rhodesia. This development gave impetus to the nationalist struggle, led by the Nyasaland African congress movement of H. Banda, of an antifederal stamp and for the full self-government of the black majority. Dissolution of the federation (1963), Nyasaland obtained full independence in the Commonwealth in 1964, with the name of Malawi and with Banda as head of the government, already headed towards autocracy. Proclaimed the Republic in 1966, he launched a one-party system and in 1971 assumed the presidency for life. A very poor country, Malawi remained substantially dependent on the strongest economies of the region, especially the South African one. Internal (especially the dissent conveyed by the Churches) and international pressures induced the regime to re-establish multi-partyism (1993). The 1994 elections were won by Bakili Muluzi of the United Democratic Front (UDF). Arrested and tried as the instigator of political killings, but acquitted (1995), Banda died in 1997. A process of democratization started (new Constitution in 1995). Maluzi, re-elected in 1999, worked successfully in the field of economic recovery, but slipped towards authoritarianism in a context of inter-community conflicts. The 2004 elections, leader of the UDF, he has led the Democratic Progressive Party since 2005 and has based his policy on the fight against corruption.