Marshall Islands 2005

Oceania

Yearbook 2005

Marshall Islands. In May, the Marshall Islands government submitted its demands to the United States Congress for increased compensation for damage caused by the 67 nuclear explosions the United States made on the atolls in 1946-58.

According to countryaah, Majuro is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Marshall Islands. The Marshall Islands requested just over US $ 3 billion in extra compensation for the damage as well as health care support. The US government has previously granted $ 270 million in compensation, some of which has been paid out, but that is not enough in the Marshall Islands. Previously, there was also a health care program for the victims of the nuclear tests, but it was suspended in 2004 since the US withdrew its support. The United States claims that only four atolls – Bikini, Enewetak, Rongelap and Utirik – were affected by the radiation, but according to Marshall Islands leaders, many more islands were affected.

The US Senate had requested an investigation into the cancer risk presented in April. The study, conducted by the American National Cancer Institute, estimated that another 500 of the people exposed to the radiation in 1946-58 will be affected by cancer.

In early 2005, the US government said no to more damages, but following pressure from Congress, President Bush granted $ 1 million to the Marshall Islands health care program in 2006. In addition, the government gave $ 1.8 million to a food program at Enewetak.