Mauritius 2005

Africa

Yearbook 2005

Mauritius. According to countryaah, Port Louis is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Mauritius. The opposition won the parliamentary elections on July 3. The Social Alliance, which includes Mauritius’s Labor Party and several small parties, received 42 of Parliament’s 70 seats. The ruling coalition, consisting of Mauritius Socialist Movement (MSM) and Mauritius Militant Movement (MMM), was given 24 seats. The turnout was just over 81%.

The day after the election, Paul Bérenger, who was the country’s first prime minister of non-Indian origin, left his post. He was replaced by Social Alliance leader, Navin Ramgoolam, who was Prime Minister from 1995 to 2000.

Mauritius’s pressured economy dominated the electoral movement. Since the end of 2004, the country’s textile industries have been forced to lay off at least 10,000 employees as a result of increased competition from China and other low-wage countries following the abolition of textile quotas on 1 January 2005. During the year, the situation in the sugar industry began to deteriorate due to the EU’s reduced sugar subsidies to growers within the EU and in Mauritius and other former European colonies. In November, EU agriculture ministers decided to reduce the guaranteed sugar price level by 36%. This meant lower revenues for Mauritius, where sugar is the second most important export commodity. The country’s agriculture minister warned that lower prices would mean increased poverty and social chaos.

Country data

Area: 2040 km2 (world ranking: 170)

Residents: 1,265,000

Population density: 620 per km2 (as of 2017, world ranking: 156)

Capital: Port Louis

Official languages: English

Gross domestic product: 13.3 billion US $; Real growth: 3.8%

Gross national product (GNP, per resident and year): US $ 10,140

Currency: 1 Mauritius rupee (MR) = 100 cents

Embassy

Kurfürstenstr. 84, 10787 Berlin
Telephone 030 2639360,
Fax 030 26558323 berlin.mauritius.govmu.org

Government
Head of State: Bibi Ameenah Firdaus Gurib-FakimParamasivum Pillay Vyapoory, Head of Government: Pravind Kumar Jugnauth, Outside: Seetanah Lutchmeenaraidoo

National holiday: 12.3.

Administrative structure
9 districts, 3 branches (Rodrigues, Agalega, St. Brandon)

State and form of government
Constitution of 1968
Republic (in the Commonwealth)
Parliament: National Assembly with max. 70 members (62 elected, max. 8 seats for minorities reserved), election every 5 years.
Election of the head of state by parliament every 5 years.
Suffrage from 18 years.

Population of: Mauritians, last census 2011: 1,237,091 pop.
approx. 53% Indian, 43% Creole (African-Malagasy origin), 2% Chinese, 2% European

Cities (with population): (as of 2016) Port Louis 148,870 inh., Vacoas-Phoenix 106,253, Beau Bassin-Rose Hill 104,544, Curepipe 79,001, Quatre Bornes 77,492

Religions: 48% Hindus, 32% Christians (mostly Catholics), 17% Muslims (especially Sunnis); Minorities of Buddhists and others (as of 2006)

Languages: English; 39% Mauritian (French Creole), 31% Bhojpuri, 4% Tamil, 3% each of Hindi and Urdu, 2% each of Chinese and Telugu

Employees by economic sector: Agriculture. 7%, industry 26%, business 67% (2017)

Unemployment (in% of all labor force): 2017: 7.1%

Inflation rate (in%): 2017: 3.7%

Foreign trade: Import: 5.3 billion US $ (2017); Export: US $ 2.4 billion (2017)