According to ehistorylib, in 2005, Mexico had an estimated population of 107 million people with a population growth rate of 1.2%. The economy in 2005 was largely based on manufacturing and services, with major exports including oil, cars, electronics and medical equipment. Foreign relations in 2005 were largely focused on economic cooperation with Mexico having strong ties to the United States and Canada through the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The politics of Mexico in 2005 were dominated by President Vicente Fox who had been elected to office in 2000 after a highly contested election which had resulted in violence between supporters of different candidates. Fox’s government implemented major economic reforms aimed at improving living standards for all Mexicans as well as encouraging foreign investment.
Mexico. By the end of the year, the three main candidates for the 2006 presidential election were ready. The nomination processes in all three major parties were bordered by internal struggles.
According to countryaah, Mexico City is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Mexico. The candidate who, according to opinion polls, has long been the most popular, Mexico City Mayor Andrés Manuel López Obrador, candidate for the Partido de la Revolución Democrática (PRD), was threatened with having his legal immunity revoked due to a scandal and automatically brought to justice, which automatically would disqualify him as presidential candidate. He also saw his opinion figures fall during the year. Party founder Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas first challenged him for the candidacy but withdrew from the fight in July. Felipe Calderón, candidate for the PAN (Partido de Acción Nacional) government, increased its popularity during the year. Roberto Madrazo, the leader of the formerly completely dominant party in Mexico, Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI).
- Also see abbreviationfinder.org for how the acronym MX stands for the country of Mexico and other meanings of this two-letter abbreviation.
In the governorship elections held during the year and which usually serve as meters for the various parties’ positions ahead of presidential elections, PRD candidates in the states of Baja California Sur and Guerrero and PRI’s candidate in Quintana Roo on February 6. PRI also won in its old stronghold Hidalgo February 20 and in the state of Mexico July 3.
In January, President Vicente Fox gave the go-ahead for an offensive against the drug power that has gained an increasingly powerful position in the country’s prisons. An investigation showed that La Palma, the country’s most important prison for dangerous criminals, was in practice ruled by the notorious Tijuana and Golf cartels through complicated networks of interns and prison staff. The measures included out to split up the gang at several prisons, but triggered revenge actions in the form of kidnappings and murders of staff. At the same time, the internal settlements between cocaine leagues continued. Already at the turn of the year, 600 people had been murdered, half of them in the state of Sinaloa.
WHO concerns over corona increase
The World Health Organization (WHO) is sounding the alarm about the rapidly deteriorating corona situation in Brazil and Mexico, and urges both countries to take the work of preventing the spread of infection “very seriously”. Both countries have seen a sharp increase in both infections and deaths in recent weeks. WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus says Mexico is “bad looking”.
The Senate approves the legalization of cannabis
20th of November
The Senate votes by a good majority to legalize cannabis in an attempt to curb the violence linked to drug trafficking. The bill will now be considered by the Second Chamber of Congress.
The number of corona deaths exceeds 100,000
The death toll in covid-19 has reached 100,000 in Mexico, the fourth country in the world to reach the high figure. The number of registered cases of infection has just passed one million. However, the authorities admit that the actual figures are probably significantly higher. Only the United States, Brazil and India have registered even more deaths.
Another journalist murdered
A journalist shot dead in Salamanca in the state of Guanajuato will be the seventh journalist this year to be murdered in Mexico, according to press freedom organizations. The murder of Israel Vázquez Rangel takes place while he is out at work on human remains that have been found in the violent state, the employer states the online newspaper El Salmantino. In September, a journalist was beheaded in Veracruz, and during the year, two journalists who both had police protection due to previous assassination attempts and threats were murdered, in different places and on different occasions. In both cases, a policeman is also killed. According to Reporters Without Borders , Mexico is the most dangerous in the world for journalists among countries that are not at war.