Nicaragua 2005

North America

Yearbook 2005

Nicaragua. Both the ruling Liberal Party PLC (Partido Liberal Constitucionalista) and the main opposition party Sandinist Party FSLN (Frente Sandinista de la Liberación Nacional) have experienced fragmentation trends during the year. Especially within the FSLN, excitement is rising ahead of the 2006 presidential election since the very popular former mayor of Managua and leader of the Sandinist dissident group Movimiento Sol, Herty Lewites, were ruled out at a party convention in February. Party leader Daniel Ortega retains grip on the party and was named presidential candidate, but the exclusion has tended to strengthen Lewite’s position. The dissatisfaction with the political pact made between PLC and FSLN in 1999 is great among supporters of both parties.

Land area 130,370 km²
Total population 6,203,441
Residents per km² 47.6
Capital Managua
Official language Spanish
Income per capita 5,900 USD
Currency Cordoba Oro
ISO 3166 code NI
Internet TLD .ni
License plate NIC
Telephone code +505
Time zone UTC -6
Geographic coordinates 13 00 N, 85 00 W.

According to countryaah, Managua is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Nicaragua. President Enrique Bolaños came under severe pressure in April after a rise in bus ticket prices led to extensive demonstrations and demands for his departure. When he and his ministers appeared on the balcony of the presidential palace April 26, they were bombarded with stones. The constitutional crisis between the president and Congress has also deepened. In January, Congress approved a constitutional amendment that effectively abolishes the president’s veto, a law amendment that was approved by Nicaragua’s Supreme Court but rejected by the Central Supreme Court of Central America. The President then refused for the rest of the year to approve all congressional measures based on the constitutional amendment.