Oman. According to countryaah, Muscat is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Oman. The country’s leader, Sultan Qabus ibn Said, in June pardoned 31 people who were sentenced in May to up to 20 years in prison for planning an Islamist coup attempt. The 31 were among hundreds of conservative religious leaders and academics who had been arrested in January accused of planning a coup attempt in connection with a popular cultural festival in the capital Muskat. The other arrested had been released.