Samoa. According to countryaah, Apia is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Samoa. Samoa is often hit by tropical hurricanes, and in February the capital of the Apia was feared to get in the way of the powerful Hurricane Olaf. But Samoa avoided a direct hit and the damage was limited to destroyed fields, power lines and trees.
During the year, the Samoa government raised high hopes for a new agreement with the University of California in the United States, which would give Samoa half of the revenue from a gene research project on prostratin, a substance that can expose hidden HIV-infected cells. Prostratin is extracted from the inner bark of the mammalian tree (Homalanthus nutans) in Samoa, and access is limited. Therefore, American scientists hope to be able to clone genes from the tree and graft them into bacteria and then synthesize the drug.