Sightseeing in Pskov, Russia

Sightseeing in Pskov, Russia

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In the northern part of the Pskov region in the Plyussky district there is a memorial museum-reserve of N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov. It includes two estates – Lubensk and Vechasha. Here Rimsky-Korsakov wrote the operas The Golden Cockerel, The Night Before Christmas, Sadko, The Tsar’s Bride, The Tale of Tsar Saltan and The Tale of the Invisible City of Kitezh. In 1908, the life of the great composer ended in Lubensk. The museum-reserve recreates the atmosphere of life of that time, here are the works of Rimsky-Korsakov, his portraits, documents and personal items,

In the very north of the Pskov region is the city of Gdov . In its vicinity, near the village of Kobylye Gorodishche, in 1242, the legendary Battle of the Ice took place under the leadership of Alexander Nevsky. In 1992, in memory of this historical event, a monument to Alexander Nevsky was erected near the village. In the city of Gdov itself, the remains of an ancient defensive fortress, which was first mentioned in chronicles under 1323, have been preserved. It was built in the border regions between Russia and Livonia. The walls of the fortress are made of boulders and have a thickness of up to 4 m, and on the site of the former towers, earthen ramparts rise, poured under Peter I to strengthen the structures.

According to sunglasseswill, another important center of the Pskov region is the city of Velikiye Luki , which is located in its southeastern part. The city has been known since 1166. Velikiye Luki and its environs are associated with the names of many prominent Russian people. In the village of Polibino, the childhood of the famous Russian mathematician Sofya Vasilievna Kovalevskaya passed, the village of Stupino is the birthplace of the hero of the war of 1812, General Sergei Vasilyevich Nepeitsyn, the village of Pokarevo is the birthplace of the great travelers of the Laptev brothers, the village of Uspenskoye is the birthplace of the activists of the Narodnaya Volya party, the Karaulov brothers, and in In the graveyard of Klin, the future patriarch of Russia, St. Tikhon, was born.

In the Kuninsky district, just south of the city of Velikiye Luki, in the village of Naumovo, there is a museum-reserve of M.P. Mussorgsky. Since the 17th century, the ancestors of the great composer lived here, and Mussorgsky himself was born in the Naumov estate. In the preserved manor interiors of the 19th century, in 1970, an exposition of the museum-reserve was opened, which tells about the life and work of the composer and about the life of landowners and peasants of the 19th century. In addition, the museum-reserve includes a picturesque park and Lake Zhizhecke.

To the north of the city of Velikiye Luki, on the border with the Novgorod region, there is the Polistovsky nature reserve. The reserve was opened in 1994 to protect the unique Polistovo-Lovatskaya bog system, one of the largest and best preserved in Europe. The area of the reserve is 36 thousand hectares. There are a large number of rare and endangered plant species listed in the Red Book. Russia, as well as such rare birds as the black stork, white-tailed eagle, golden eagle and osprey. There are no specially equipped routes and tourist bases in the reserve, so a trip to these parts is more suitable for connoisseurs of wild, untouched by tourism, nature.

In the southern regions of the Pskov region, 200 km from Pskov, there is a national park “Sebezhsky”. The park was established in 1996 and covers an area of 50,000 hectares. Many lakes of the national park, interconnected by channels, make up a unique landscape system. The fauna of the park is represented by 13 species of mammals, 155 species of nesting birds, 7 species of amphibians, 22 species of fish, 5 species of reptiles and various insects. On the territory of the national park “Sebezhsky” there are sources of healing and warm waters, deposits of therapeutic mud, numerous lakes of glacial origin (there are 86 in total), on the banks of which recreation centers have been created, on Lake Ozeryavka there is a Neolithic site discovered by archaeologists, in addition, the park is open interesting ornithological routes, ecological paths are laid, and educational excursions to the city of Sebezh are also arranged. Sebezh has been known since the 15th century. Among the sights of the city, one can single out the Castle, which stands on the site of the former city fortress of the 16th century, the chapel of the destroyed Cathedral of the Nativity of Christ (16th century), the Church of the Holy Trinity, where the Polish Catholic Church was located in the 17th century, “Peter’s Hill” in the city center, which Peter I served as a fortified point, and the Holy Spring on the outskirts of the city.

On the territory of the Pskov region there are several health resorts. They are located near mineral water springs. Pskov mineral waters are characterized as highly mineralized ferruginous sulfate-chloride-sodium. Also, bromine chloride-sodium brines and hydrogen sulfide muds are used for treatment in local sanatoriums. The most popular resort in the region is the resort of Khilovo. It is located 80 km east of Pskov. This is a balneo-mud resort, where the sanatorium of the same name, known since the middle of the 19th century, has been operating. In Khilovo, diseases of the digestive, circulatory, respiratory, musculoskeletal and nervous systems, gynecological diseases and skin diseases are prevented. In the treatment, mineral waters used for drinking, mineral baths (pearl, hydrogen sulfide, salt), various showers, mud with a high concentration of hydrogen sulfide and salt content in the form of ions, massage and physiotherapy exercises are used. There is also climate therapy. Other major health centers in the region include the Blue Lakes sanatorium, 50 km from the city of Velikiye Luki, and the Cherekha sanatorium in Pskov.

Sightseeing in Pskov, Russia