Vichy France 3

Vichy France Part III

According to shopareview, the basic platform of this fluctuating position is the relationship with the US, the keystone of which lies in the activity of Admiral W. Leahy, credited to Vichy by Roosevelt on November 23, 1940 and remained there until May 1, 1942. Montoire did not have followed up on the contact made in […]

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Vichy France 2

Vichy France Part II

France now enters the new Hitlerian order: the “French Republic” gives rise to the “French State” and a whole xenophobic, racial, anti-democratic and anti-militant legislation is enacted; but this new order appears as if it has been filtered through an old patina of ancien régime and of traditionalism of Action française. The Pétain-Count of Paris collusion (a […]

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Vichy France 1

Vichy France Part I

Under the terms of the armistice, whose application methods are so vague that France runs the risk of being suffocated, the French government is disarming the fleet and the colonial territory with the commitment not to place either nor the other in the service of England; as for the metropolitan territory, it – excluding a […]

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The Internal Reorganization of France 2

The Internal Reorganization of France and the Resumption of an European Policy Part II

But much more important was the action carried out by the government to revive the national economy which, at the end of the civil wars, was in disastrous conditions: the country was depopulated, the progress of agriculture stopped, internal exchanges hindered and made unsafe by exactions. and looting and even arbitrary tolls that reappeared here […]

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The French Dialects 2

The French Dialects Part II

The Lorraine (Nancy, Metz) has several similar traits. We observe the differentiation of i followed by y into e, the passage, at least partial, of ü into i (- utum becomes i or, in front of nasal, ę n), of i and a i, the non-diphthongization of e and obefore j (ley, n œy), the reduction of üi to ü, of ei to a, the passage of ei to oi also in front of ł (soloil), of ę in the syllable course to a (matre “to put”), of æ a o (to “time”), the passage from – sj – to h? ?? (maho da mansionem), the conservation of […]

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The France Revolution 10

The France Revolution Part X

While Bonaparte was defeating the most powerful external enemy, the internal directorate had to fight on two fronts: against socialist ambitions (Babeuf) not very vigorous in truth, because by now the popular masses were tired and happy to have reached the three eights: bread, meat and wine for eight sous; against the monarchical reaction, more dangerous […]

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The France Revolution 7

The France Revolution Part VII

Meanwhile, three armies were invading France, two Austrians and one Prussian: Longwy first, Verdun later fell into the hands of the Prussians, Thionville into the hands of the Austrians. The predominantly Girondist ministry, which had assumed power after 10 August, wanted to move the capital elsewhere, but Danton, who covered the department of Justice in […]

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The France Revolution 5

The France Revolution Part V

According to hyperrestaurant, the limit of the work of the Constituent Assembly is the determination of the office of the monarchy, which reflects the contradictory situation in which it found itself: the monarchy with its passive resistances, its repentances, its insincerities does not conquer the revolution, but with its submissive demeanor not yet exasperated; on […]

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New French

New French

The development of the French language in the 16th century is characterized by two tendencies: on the one hand, the orientation towards Latin (and Greek) as a result of the Renaissance and humanism, on the other hand, the growing awareness of the value of one’s own language and the endeavor to expand its expressiveness (both […]

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Map of France Paris

France 2005

Yearbook 2005 France. The year offered unusually difficult trials for President Jacques Chirac and the French government. When voters opposite the political establishment’s line said no to the new EU Treaty, it became a real scrap with unforeseen consequences for the Union. Towards the end of the year, French suburbs were shaken by riots that […]

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