Tanzania 2005

Africa

Yearbook 2005

Tanzania. According to countryaah, DDodoma is the capital and one of the major cities within the country of Tanzania. The fact that Tanzania has been a democracy since 1992 was hardly noticeable in the general elections that were held in late autumn. The Revolutionary Party (Chama Cha Mapinduzi, CCM) who ruled throughout the independence period got 206 of the 232 directly elected seats in parliament, and the party’s candidate Jakaya Kikwete got just over 80% of the vote in the presidential election. Kikwete, who has been Foreign Minister for the last ten years, succeeded Benjamin Mkapa, President of the same time, on December 21. He appointed a new Prime Minister, Edward Lowassa, who was previously responsible for water issues in the government.

The dominant opposition party Citizens United Front (Civic United Front, CUF) has its strongest attachment to the semi-autonomous archipelago of Zanzibar, where it took all 19 parliamentary seats. Nevertheless, CUF lost to CCM in Zanzibar’s local presidential and parliamentary elections in October. These were preceded by a troubled electoral movement in which a few hundred people were injured in clashes. CUF claimed that CCM’s electoral victory was achieved through cheating and received some support for the accusations by several observer groups. The EU also expressed skepticism about Zanzibar’s election results and recommended an investigation.

The relationship between Zanzibar and the mainland part of Tanzania has been strained for many years, and it did not help that Zanzibar in January got its own flag for the first time since the merger with the mainland part in 1964. In April, the local parliament in Zanzibar passed a law that forbids foreigners, explicitly including mainland Tanzanians, to work on the islands.

September

Oil pipelines will be built from Uganda to the Tanzanian coast

September 13

President Magufuli and his Ugandan counterpart Yoweri Museveni sign an agreement that an oil pipeline will be built from Ugandan oil fields to the port of Tanga in Tanzania. The price tag for the project is set at $ 3.5 billion. Uganda has large oil resources that have not been able to be exploited due to lack of infrastructure and uncertainty about how the oil should be exported.

August

Lissu becomes Chadema’s presidential candidate

August 4th

The opposition party Chadema formally nominates Tundu Lissu as its candidate in the October presidential election. In 2017, Lissu was arrested at least six times and subjected to an assassination attempt, when he was shot 16 times outside his home in Dodoma. He then went into exile in Belgium where he has been rehabilitated. In July 2020, Lissu returned to Tanzania with the intention of challenging President Magufuli in the autumn elections.