Skin diseases vary greatly in symptoms and severity. Can be temporary (acute) or permanent (chronic) and can be painless or painful.
It is important that the skin diseases are valued. Although the majority of skin disorders are minor, others can indicate a more serious problem.
Some skin diseases can be resolved by itself, not requiring therapeutic intervention, but should be reviewed by a professional to be diagnosed.
There are also cases of diseases, which account for only a defect of the aesthetic that can be corrected by techniques of beauty.
On the other hand, others are chronic and cause great impact on the quality of life and, even if you do not have permanent cure, the dermatological treatment can relieve symptoms and improve the quality of life (as an example we have the psoriasis).
As a more serious case, there are skin diseases that can even be potentially fatal, if there is a diagnosis properly and timely, such as melanoma.
In addition, what often appears to be a skin disease, can not be for themselves only, but to be a revealer of another disease internal. For example, the visible erythema facial in the wing of the butterfly is one of the special signs of systemic Lupus erythematosus.
SKIN DISEASES THE MOST COMMON
One of the skin diseases that are more common, the acne comes in many forms:
- Pustules: red pimples common that have pus;
- Papules: bumps red caused by hair follicles that are infected;
- Nodules: swelling, painful beneath the surface of the skin.;
- Cysts: are infections painful, with a lot of pus, usually larger, that are under the skin.
All types of acne are commonly treated with the application of creams, being that, sometimes, what is needed is oral medication.
Warts are actually caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). Are contagious and can appear in any part of the body.
The candidiasis is an infection caused by a fungus called Candida albicans.
This fungus is naturally present in our body, without causing any damage. However, when there is any change, such as a weakened immune system, the fungus in question tends to multiply, and colonize the mouth, gastrointestinal tract and genitourinário or even, in more severe cases, reaching the bloodstream.
The lesions typical of psoriasis are reddish and scaly, appearing typically in plaques. These cards appear with greater frequency in areas such as the scalp, elbows, knees.
However, the hands, feet and the genital region may also be affected.
The rosacea is an inflammatory chronic skin relatively common, which is characterized by dilation of the blood vessels of the face.
This condition affects mainly adults between 30 and 50 years of age, mostly female. The individuals with thin skin and clear have a higher predisposition, although it can also strike individuals with dark skin.
The dilation of the blood vessels to the surface of the skin causes persistent redness or transient, mainly on the cheeks, forehead, chin and nose. If it is not treated and controlled, tends to worsen over time.
6. CONTACT DERMATITIS
Contact dermatitis or eczemas of contact are diseases of the skin frequent and represent the main form of allergy of the skin to contact with substances from the outside.
Arise at the place of contact with the allergen, sometimes draw the same contact area, and is manifested by itching, redness and blistering, some with liquid contents forming small bubbles of water, or small sores and scabs on the skin.
7. COLD SORES
In general, the appearance of cold sores is an inflammatory response to abnormal cold. Thus, the greatest risk factor is exposure to cold and humidity, which is frequent in Portugal.
Affects, most prominently women, children and the elderly being that in these latter the course of the disease is more severe. Are distributed symmetrically in the fingers of the hands and feet, and, less frequently, ankles, nose and ears.
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